Advertisement

Landscape Consumption in Otepää, Estonia

  • Tõnu Oja
  • Monika Prede
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Estonia’s rural development has been much affected by the economic decline during the recent transition period, which has involved land reform and a process of privatisation in almost all of Estonia. However, the Otepää region forms a specific case that is largely different from other rural areas in Estonia — while most rural areas suffer from a severe shortage of financial opportunities, Otepää belongs to the few remarkably able to attract investments, and as a result it is experiencing fast development and elevated construction activity (for example, the number of residential houses in the region has increased by 9.6 percent within the last five years. See Remm & Oja 2003). the reason for this is based on the region’s image of being “a nice place”, based on landscape as a natural value. Exploring the region’s fascinating end-moraine landscape in the interest of nature conservation resulted in a nature park, and the hilly relief makes Otepää the main winter sports center in Estonia — the landscapes have given the area a well-known recreational image. To some extent, different uses of landscape compete with each other for the same spatial resources. To some extent they are complimentary, and certain developments in infrastructure support all activities that are at the same time supported by the imagery of the region.

References

  1. Cosgrove, D. (1998). Cultural Landscapes. In T. Unwin (Ed.), A European Geography (pp. 65–81). London: LongmanGoogle Scholar
  2. Eesti Linnad ja Vallad Arvudes (2002). Tallinn: Statistikaamet.Google Scholar
  3. Estravel (2002). Eesti siseturism http://www.estravel.ee/estraveller/jul_sept2002/-kysitlus.html, 20.12.2003.Google Scholar
  4. Farina, A. (2000). Landscape Ecology in Action. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Galea, L.A.M. & Kimura, D. (1993). Sex Differences in Route-Learning. Personality and Individual Differences, 14, 53–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hanssen, B.L. (2003). Ethics and Landscape, Values and Choices. In T. Unwin & T. Spek (Eds.), European Landscapes: From Mountain to Sea (pp. 201–209). Tallinn: Huma Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Karukäpp, R. (1997). Gotiglatsiaalne morfogenees Skandinaavia mandriliustiku kagusektoris. Dissertationes Geologicae Universitatis Tartuensis, 6. Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus.Google Scholar
  8. Laas, A. (2001). Lõuna-Eesti mainekujunduse uuring. Tartu: SA Lõuna-Eesti Turism, OÜ Laas&Laas.Google Scholar
  9. Mander, Ü. & Oja, T. (1999). Eesti maastike omapära ja sellest tulenevad ökoloogilised iseärasused. In T. Frey (Ed.), Loodusliku mitmekesisuse kaitse viisid ja vahendid (pp. 14–30). Tartu: IM Saare.Google Scholar
  10. Olwig, K. (2004). “This is not a Landscape”: Circulating Reference and Land Shaping. This volume. Google Scholar
  11. L. Otepää (2003). Otepää valla koduleht, http://http://www.vald.otepaa.ee/index_et.phtml. 20.12.2003.Google Scholar
  12. Prede, M. (1997). Landscape Protection in Estonia: the Case of Otepää. In J.G. Nelson & R. Serafin (Eds.), National Parks and Protected Areas: Keystones to Conservations and Sustainable Development. Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Contributions of National Parks and Protected Areas to Heritage, Conservation, Tourism and Sustainable Development, 1996 (257–264). Vol.40. Berlin Springer.Google Scholar
  13. Prede, M. & Oja, T. (2001). Sanitation of Lakes in Otepää for landscape Restoration. In Y. Villacampa, C.A. Brebbia & J.L. Usó (Eds.), Ecosystems and Sustainable Development III. Advances in Ecological Sciences (pp. 605–614). Southampton, Boston: WIT Press.Google Scholar
  14. Remm, K. & Oja, T. (2003). Stepwise Modelling of Rural Housing Pattern Near Otepää Using Neighbourhood Corrections. Ecological Modelling. (submitted).Google Scholar
  15. Shmitz, S. (1999). Gender Differences in Acquisition of Environmental Knowledge Related to Wayfinding Behavior, Spatial Anxiety and Self-Estimated Environmental Competencies. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, July, http://wWw.findarticles.com/cf 0/m2294/1_41/57590493/pl/article.jhtml. 20.12.2003.Google Scholar
  16. Sooväli, H., Palang, H., Alumäe, H., Külvik, M., Kaur, E., Oja, T., Prede, M. & Pae, T. (2003). (Traditional) Landscape Identity — Globalized, Abandoned, Sustained? In E. Tiezzi, C.A. Brebbia & J.L. Usó (Eds.), Ecosystems and Sustainable Development, Vol. 2 (pp. 925–935). Southampton, Boston: WIT Press.Google Scholar
  17. Ward, S.L., Newcombe, N., & Overton, W.F. (1986). Turn Left at the Church, or Three Miles North. A Study of Direction Giving and Sex Differences. Environment and Behavior, 18, 192–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tõnu Oja
    • 1
  • Monika Prede
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyUniversity of TartuEstonia

Personalised recommendations