Advertisement

In the footsteps of Soyuz

Russia’s Kliper spacecraft
  • Bart Hendricx
Chapter
  • 321 Downloads
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

FOR NEARLY 40 years, the Soyuz spacecraft has been the only manned vehicle to fly from Soviet/Russian soil. Although the spacecraft has undergone numerous modifications over that period, its basic design and capabilities have remained unchanged. Until early 2004 it looked as if the latest version, Soyuz TMA and its further modifications were going to serve the Russian space programme indefinitely. That picture changed when Russian Space Agency chief Yuriy Koptev held a news conference in Moscow on 17 February 2004. Answering a totally unrelated question about possible manned Soyuz missions from Kourou, Koptev remarked almost in passing that RKK Energiya, the country’s leading space company, was working on a new manned vehicle “with a reusable return capsule and with a mass of 12–14 tonnes”. Two days after Koptev’s disclosure, Nikolai Bryukhanov, the deputy general director of RKK Energiya, revealed to journalists of the Russian space magazine Novosti Kosmonavtiki that the vehicle was called “Kliper” (“Clipper”) and that Energiya had begun work on it “on its own initiative” as early as 2000.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    V. Minenko: “Recoverable Capsules and Transport/Research Space Vehicles”, paper presented at a Mir symposium at the Dulles Hyatt Hotel in Washington on 27–28 July 1993 and published in “Mir-1 Space Station: A Technical Overview”, NPO Energia LTD, Alexandria, 1994; Website of the Russian Agency for Patents and Trademarks.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Shamsutdinov: Project Kliper (in Russian), Novosti Kosmonavtiki, 7/2005, pp. 1–7.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Coppinger: Lighter Clipper could make towed trip to ISS, Flight International, 1 November 2005; T. Malik, Russia’s Next Spaceship: Alternative to NASA’s CEV, article on space.com website, 7 December 2005.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    I. Chornyi: The far from weak Yamal (in Russian), Novosti Kosmonavtiki, 15–16/1998, pp. 49–51; ISS Program — Progress M50 Mission, Russian Space Agency press kit, 2004, pp. 36–40.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Afanasyev: About Land Launch (in Russian), Novosti Kosmonavtiki, 10/2005, pp. 66–67.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Coppinger: ESA boosts science, delays Kliper, Flight International, 13 December 2005Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bart Hendricx

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations