Simulation In and For Medicine: Where Next?

  • Anthony G. Gallagher
  • Gerald C. O’Sullivan
  • Gerald C. O’Sullivan
Part of the Improving Medical Outcome - Zero Tolerance book series (IMOZT)


In the previous chapters, we discussed the reasons why certain types of surgical skills such as those for laparoscopic surgery are difficult to learn. The processes of skill acquisition for laparoscopic surgery, are precisely the same processes involved in skill acquisition per se. Skill acquisition can occur coincidently (but not necessarily efficiently or optimally). For at least a century, surgery has had the luxury of being able to acquire the required operative skills by operating on real people over a lengthy period of time (e.g., duration of training in the UK and Ireland is about 13 years).


Virtual Reality Skill Laboratory Skill Acquisition Surgical Skill Virtual Reality Simulator 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony G. Gallagher
    • 1
  • Gerald C. O’Sullivan
    • 2
  • Gerald C. O’Sullivan
    • 3
  1. 1.School of MedicineUniversity College CorkCorkIreland
  2. 2.Mercy University HospitalCorkIreland
  3. 3.Cork Cancer Research CentreUniversity College CorkCorkIreland

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