Human Factors in Acquiring Medical Skills; Learning and Skill Acquisition in Surgery

  • Anthony G. Gallagher
  • Gerald C. O’Sullivan
  • Gerald C. O’Sullivan
Part of the Improving Medical Outcome - Zero Tolerance book series (IMOZT)


Mouret first performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the late 1980s. Previously, laparoscopic techniques were part of gynecological practice and it was not until the development of a video computer chip allowed the magnification and projection of images on to television screens that laparoscopic surgery became integrated into general surgery (Johnson et al. 1992). The main difference between laparoscopic and traditional open surgery is that there is no need for a single large incision; instead a number of small stab incisions are made in the patient’s abdomen through which surgical instruments are passed via trocars.


Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Motor Learning Minimally Invasive Surgery Attentional Resource Skill Acquisition 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony G. Gallagher
    • 1
  • Gerald C. O’Sullivan
    • 2
  • Gerald C. O’Sullivan
    • 3
  1. 1.School of MedicineUniversity College CorkCorkIreland
  2. 2.Mercy University HospitalCorkIreland
  3. 3.Cork Cancer Research CentreUniversity College CorkCorkIreland

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