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International Tourism in Industrialised Countries

  • François Vellas
  • Lionel Bécherel
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Abstract

With regards to the international tourism, industrialised countries, notably in North America and in Western Europe, have several common characteristics:
  • Together, they represent a very large percentage of international tourism: 70 per cent

  • They are both main generating countries and main receptor countries of international tourism

  • Apart from exceptional cases (particularly Spain), international tourism is considered to be secondary to other sectors of economic activity

  • The international tourism flows are between countries with similar economic and social systems although at times with large cultural differences (Japan)

  • International tourism is largely within the private sector, although national administrations play an important role. The influence of the public sector is diminishing. Usually, private and public sector actions are coordinated in flexible agreements or budgetary incentives

  • The main industrialised countries are members of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) and, in Europe, most countries are also members of the European Union. Both these organisations play an important role in coordinating tourism policies, determining tourism objectives and implementing methods which are in line with general economic policies

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Reference

  1. 1.
    OECD. OECD Tourism and International Tourism Policies in OECD Countries. Paris, 1991–92.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Airey, D. ‘European Government Approaches to Tourism’, Tourism Management, 4 (4), pp. 234–44, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. EC. Commission Report to the Council of the European Parlament and to the Economic and Social Committee on Community Actions affecting Tourism, The Council’s Decision, 92/421/EEC, Brussels, April 1994.Google Scholar
  3. Foin, T. C. ‘Quantitative Studies of Visitor Impacts on Environments of Yosemite National Park, California, and their Implications for Park Management Policy’, Journal of Environmental Management, 5 (1), pp. 1–22, 1981.Google Scholar
  4. Lavery, P. and Van Doren, C. Travel and Tourism: A North American/European Perspective. Huntingdon: Elm Publications, 1990.Google Scholar
  5. Middleton, V. T. C Marketing in Travel and Tourism. Oxford: Heinemann, 1988.Google Scholar
  6. Mill, R. C. Tourism, The International Business. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1990.Google Scholar
  7. Pearce, D. Tourism Organisations. Harlow: Longman, 1992.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© François Vellas and Lionel Bécherel 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • François Vellas
  • Lionel Bécherel

There are no affiliations available

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