The different modes of transport in existence are significant to the growth of international tourism. The cost of transport often determines the total cost of tourism products and directly influences the choice of tourism destination. Air transport has contributed to the creation of new tourism markets far from tourist-generating countries which are not accessible either by road or by sea. The air transport industry occupies an important part of the tourism industry and the world economy. In 1990, air transport contributed US$700 billion to the world economy and the industry employed 21 million people worldwide. Despite a very rapid growth rate, higher than the world’s GNP growth rate, international air transport is a difficult industry to manage, and both business and leisure traffic are susceptible to economic crises.
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