The Economic Impact of Tourism

  • François Vellas
  • Lionel Bécherel


Evaluating the economic impact of tourism provides information necessary for the formulation of tourism development policies. These policies determine the type of infrastructure and superstructure a country needs to invest in to encourage the most appropriate kind of tourism production. However, because of problems of definition (for instance, whether the impact of day-visitors should be included) and because of the relative inaccuracy of tourism statistics, it is difficult to measure the economic impact of tourism accurately.


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Further Reading

  1. Archer, B. H. ‘The Value of Multipliers and their Policy Implications’, Tourism Management, 3 (4), pp. 236–41, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. BTA. Employment in Tourism. London: British Tourist Authority, 1982.Google Scholar
  3. Cooper, C., Fletcher, J., Gilbert, D. and Wanhill, S. Tourism Principles and Practices. London: Pitman, 1993.Google Scholar
  4. Duffield, B. S. ‘Tourism: The Measurement of Economic and Social Impact’, Tourism Management, 3 (4), pp. 248–55, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Duffield, B. S. and Long, J. ‘The Role of Tourism in the Economy of Scotland’, Tourism Management, 5 (4), pp. 258–68, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Edington, J. M. and Edington, M. A. Ecology, Recreation and Tourism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.Google Scholar
  7. Gray, H. P. International Travel — International Trade. Lexington: D.C. Heath & Co., 1970.Google Scholar
  8. Gray, H. P. ‘The Contribution of Economics to Tourism’, Annals of Tourism Research, 9 (1), pp. 105–25, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lea, J. Tourism and Development in the Third World. London: Routledge, 1988.Google Scholar
  10. Mathieson, A. and Wall, G. Tourism: Economic, Physical and Social Impacts. Harlow: Longman, 1982.Google Scholar
  11. Mill, R. C. and Morrison, A. The Tourism System. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1985.Google Scholar
  12. Murphy, P. E. Tourism: A Community Approach. London: Methuen, 1985.Google Scholar
  13. OECD. The Impact of Tourism on the Environment. Paris, 1981.Google Scholar
  14. OECD. Case Studies of the Impact of Tourism on the Environment. Paris, 1981.Google Scholar
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  16. Williams, A.M. Tourism and Economic Development. London: Belhaven, 1988.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© François Vellas and Lionel Bécherel 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • François Vellas
  • Lionel Bécherel

There are no affiliations available

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