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The Struggle for Control, 1707–25

  • John Stuart Shaw
Chapter
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Part of the British History in Perspective book series (BHP)

Abstract

In The English Ministers and Scotland, 1707–1727, Patrick Riley describes the years of great political complexity immediately after the union, and charts important changes and developments in relationships between the two countries and their politicians. This chapter draws upon his immense work, while taking a different emphasis and not quite so caustic a view of politicians’ motives. In dealing with the period up to 1725, the approach here is to focus, but not exclusively, on the activities of John, second Duke of Argyll, and his brother, Lord Ilay, and on their political relationships with the squadrone, the Junto, the Duke of Marlborough, Lord Oxford and Walpole. Their relations with Marlborough and his friends were particularly important influences on the course of Scottish politics up to the early 1720s. The brothers do not provide the whole key to the period, but there was very little happening that did not involve or relate to them in some way. Their exploits, their failure and, ultimately, their success take us into the heart of British politics, showing how the politics of Scotland and England were entwined. Moreover, after the decline of Queensberry, the Argyll family interest in Scotland was the most powerful force in orthodox, essentially Whig, Scottish politics — in other words, outside the alternative world of Jacobitism.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    David Hayton, ‘Constitutional experiments and political expediency, 1689–1725’, in Steven G. Ellis and Sarah Barber (eds), Conquest and Union: fashioning a British state, 1485–1725 (Harlow, 1995), p. 302.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ronald Sunter, Patronage and Politics in Scotland, 1707–1832 (Edinburgh, 1986), pp. 78–9, 199–210.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    George Macaulay Trevelyan, England under Queen Anne (3 vols, London, 1931–4), vol. III, p. 58.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    Edward Gregg, ‘The Jacobite Career of John, Earl of Mar’, in Eveline Cruickshanks (ed.), Ideology and Conspiracy: Aspects of Jacobitism, 16891759 (Edinburgh, 1982), p. 180.Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    HMC, Report on the Laing Manuscripts Preserved in the University of Edinburgh vol. II (London, 1925), p. 169.Google Scholar
  6. 25.
    HMC, The Manuscripts of the Duke of Athole and the Earl of Home (London, 1891), p. 66.Google Scholar
  7. 30.
    Charles Sanford Terry (ed.), The Chevalier de St George and the Jacobite Movements in his Favour (London, 1901), p. 305.Google Scholar
  8. 32.
    William Coxe, Memoirs of the Life and Administration of Sir Robert Walpole, Earl of Orford (3 vols, London, 1798–1816), vol. II, p. 61; Hatton, George I pp. 198–9.Google Scholar
  9. 35.
    Romney Sedgwick, The History of Parliament. The House of Commons, 1715–1754 (London, 1970), vol. I, pp. 26–7, 83; Riley, English Ministers pp. 267–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Stuart Shaw 1999

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  • John Stuart Shaw

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