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As a first application of the groundwork of the two previous chapters, we consider the simplest situation. This is a gas for which the Maxwell—Boltzmann (dilute) limit is valid. Furthermore we shall consider only monatomic gases in the present chapter, leaving the complications (and the interest!) of diatomic gases until Chapter 7. First we need to decide the practical range of validity of the MB limit. Next we can derive the MB distribution of speeds in the gas. Finally we may work out the thermodynamic properties of the gas and compare these to results from the ideal gas laws.
KeywordsPartition Function Boltzmann Distribution Localize Particle Boltzmann Factor Boltzmann Statistic
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