Part of the History Of Mechanism And Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 3)

This text explores ancient Chinese machines that have been lost to time, and proposes a methodology for systematic reconstruction to allow for their rebuilding. This chapter starts with the introduction of the study of ancient machines. It proceeds by describing the classifications of ancient Chinese machines and the process for their reconstruction design. It ends by explaining the application scope of the text.


Ming Dynasty Historical Archive Yuan Dynasty Reconstruction Analysis Paddle Wheel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Zhang, B.C., “Recollections and visions in the research of Chinese history of machines (in Chinese),” Proceedings of the 1st China-Japan International Conference on History of Machine Technology, Mechanical Industry Press, Beijing, pp. 4-7, October 1998.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen, C.M., Lu, J.Y., and Li, J.B., “Exploring reconstruction research technology (in Chinese),” Proceedings of the 1st China-Japan International Conference on History of Machine Technology, Mechanical Industry Press, Beijing, pp. 153-159, October 1998.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lu, J.Y. and Yu, H.G., “Theoretical issues in ancient mechanical reconstruction research (in Chinese),” Proceedings of the 2nd China-Japan International Conference on History of Machine Technology, Mechanical Industry Press, Beijing, pp. 57-61, October 2000.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lin, T.Y., A Systematic Reconstruction Design of Ancient Chinese Escapement Regulators (in Chinese), Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, December 2001.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu, X.Z., History of Inventions in Chinese Mechanical Engineering - Vol. 1 (in Chinese), Science Press, Beijing, 1962.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wan, D.D., Development of Chinese Mechanical Technology (in Chinese), Central Supply Agency of Cultural Subjects, Taipei, 1983.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yan, H.S., “Technology of ancient Chinese machines and mechanisms,” A tutorial at 2004 ASME International DETC & CIE Conferences, Salt Lake City, Utah, 6 October 2004.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lin, C.Y. and Yan, H.S., “Approach and procedure for reconstruction research for ancient machinery (in Chinese),” Journal of Guangxi University of Nationalities, Science edition, Nanning, Guangxi, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 37-42, May 2006.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kao Gong Ji (in Chinese), annotated by Zheng Xuan (Han Dynasty), commentaries by Jia Gong-yan (Tang Dynasty), collated by Ruan Yuan (Qin Dynasty), Notes and Commentaries on Zhou Li, Chapter 41, Da Hua Publishing House, Taipei, 1989.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    San Cai Tu Hui (in Chinese) by Wang Qi (Ming Dynasty), Zhuang Yan Culture Co., Tainan, Taiwan, 1995.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yan, H.S., The Beauty of Ancient Chinese Locks, Ancient Chinese Machines Cultural Foundation, Tainan, Taiwan, May 2003.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wu Jing Zong Yao (in Chinese) by Zeng Gong-liang (Northern Song Dynasty), The Commercial Press, Shanghai, 1935.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xin Yi Xiang Fa Yao (in Chinese) by Su Song (Northern Song Dynasty), Taiwan Commercial Press, Taipei, 1969.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nong Shu (in Chinese) by Wang Zhen (Yuan Dynasty), Taiwan Commercial Press, Taipei, 1968.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tian Gong Kai Wu (in Chinese) by Song Ying-xing (Ming Dynasty), Taiwan Commercial Press, Taipei, 1983.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nan Chuan Ji (in Chinese) by Shen Zi-you (Ming Dynasty), General Collection of Chinese Classics of Science and Technology, Volume on Technology, Chapter 1, Henan Education Publishing House, Zhangzhou, 1993.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wei’s Records of the Spring and Autumn Period (in Chinese) by Sun Sheng (Eastern Jin Dynasty), Editorial Committee on the Collection of Chinese History, Library, Si Chuan University, Chengdu, 1993.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yan, H.S., Creative Design of Mechanical Devices, Springer, Singapore, October 1998.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yang, C., “Research and verification of mechanical engineering in the Qin Dynasty (in Chinese),” Journal of the Northwest Agriculture University, Special edition, Xianyang, Vol. 23, p. 23, 1995.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wu, K.I., Wang, C.C., and Li, H.H., “Research on the construction techniques of the armillary sphere and the simplified armillary sphere (in Chinese),” Southeast Culture, Nanjing, Vol. 6, pp. 97-111, 1994.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Freudenstein, F. and Maki, F., “The creation of mechanism according to kinematic structure and function,” Environment and Planning B, Vol. 6, pp. 375-391, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yan, H.S., “A Methodology for creative mechanism design,” Mechanism and Machine Theory, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 235-242, 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kota, S. and Chiou, S.J., “Conceptual design of mechanisms based on computational synthesis and simulation of kinematic building blocks,” Research in Engineering Design, Vol. 4, pp. 75-87, 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Liang, Z.J. and Liang, S., 2000, “A new angle of view in machinery history studies - drawing up evolution pedigree and innovation,” Proceedings of HMM2000 International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms, Cassino, Italy, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 283-290, 2000.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Altshuller, G.S., Creativity as an Exact Science, Gordon & Breach, New York, 1998.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Terninko, J., Zusman, A., and Zlotin, B., Systematic Innovation: An Introduction to TRIZ (Theory of Inventive Problem Solving), St. Lucie Press, New York, 1998.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Yan, H.S. and Lin, T.Y., “A systematic approach to the reconstruction of ancient Chinese escapement regulators,” Proceedings of ASME 2002 Design Engineering Technical Conferences - the 27th Biennial Mechanisms and Robotics Conferences, Montreal, 29 September-2 October 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Personalised recommendations