Advertisement

Zhang Heng’s Seismoscope

Chapter
  • 1k Downloads
Part of the History Of Mechanism And Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 3)

This chapter systematically reconstructs all feasible design concepts of Zhang Heng’s seismoscope that meet the scientific and technological standards of its time period. The development of ancient seismometers and western seismoscopes is introduced first. Then, historical records of Zhang Heng’s seismoscope are studied and design specifications for the reconstruction design are concluded. Finally, three examples based on different design requirements and constraints are illustrated [1, 2].

Keywords

Ground Motion Revolute Joint Prismatic Joint Lever Mechanism Specialized Chain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Yan, H.S. and Hsiao, K.H., “The development of ancient earthquake instruments,” Proceedings of ASME 2006 Design Engineering Technical Conferences - the 30th Mechanisms and Robotics Conferences, paper no. DETC2006-99107, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 10-13 September 2006.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yan, H.S. and Hsiao, K.H., “Reconstruction design of the lost seismoscope of ancient China,” Mechanism and Machine Theory, Vol. 42, 2007.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hough, S.E., Earthshaking Science: what we know (and don’t know) about earthquakes. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2002.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Levy, M. and Salvadori, M.G., Why the Earth Quakes, Norton, New York, 1995.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yeats, R.S., Allen, C.R. and Sieh, K.E., The geology of earthquakes, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Howell, B.F., An Introduction to Seismological Research: History and Development, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brumbaugh, D.S., Earthquakes: Science and Society, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1999.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bolt, B.A., Earthquakes and Geological Discovery, Scientific American Library, New York, 1993.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dewey, J. and Byerly, P., “The early history of seismometer (to 1900),” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 59, No. 1, pp. 183-227, 1969.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Milne, J. and Lee, A.W., Earthquakes and other Earth Movement, P. Blakiston’s Sons, Philadelphia, 1939.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lu, J.Y., History of Chinese Machines (in Chinese), Ancient Chinese Machinery Cultural Foundation (Tainan, Taiwan), Yue Yin Publishing House, Taipei, 2003.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    The History of the Later Han Dynasty (in Chinese) by Fan Ye (Eastern Jin Dynasty), Ding Wen Publishing House, Taipei, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang, Z.D., “Conjecture of Zheng Heng’s Seismoscope,” Yenching University Journal of Chinese Studies (in Chinese), Beijing, Vol. 20, pp. 577-586, 1936.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Milne, J., Earthquakes and other Earth Movements, Appleton, New York, 1886.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Imamura, A., “Tokyo and His Seismoscope,” Japanese Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics, Vol. 16, pp. 37-41, 1939.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang, Z.D., Ke Ji Kao Gu Lun Cong (Papers in Technical Archarology) (in Chinese), Cultural Relics Publishing House, Beijing, 1963.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lee, Z.C., Tian Ren Gu Yi (in Chinese), Elephant Publishing House, Zhangzhou, China, 1998.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Feng, R., Tian, K., Shu, T., Wu, Y., Zhu, X., Li, X., and Sun, X., “Scientific Reconstruction of Zhang Heng’s Seismometer,” Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, Beijing, Vol. 25, Suppl., pp. 53-76, 2006.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tian Gong Kai Wu (in Chinese) by Song Ying-xing (Ming Dynasty), Taiwan Commercial Press, Taipei, 1983.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Davison, C., The Founders of Seismology, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1927.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Milne, J., Earthquakes, Appleton, New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yan, H.S., Creative Design of Mechanical Devices, Springer, Singapore, 1998.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Personalised recommendations