Management Of Virus-Transmitting Nematodes With Special Emphasis On South-East Euroup

  • Tatyana Bilevai
  • Boryana Choleva
  • Sue Hockland
  • Aurelio Ciancio
Part of the Integrated Management of Plant Pests and Diseases book series (IMPD, volume 4)


Available strategies for the management of nematode vectors of plant viruses are reviewed, focusing on the nematode vector species, their associated viruses, as well as their geographic distribution and spread. Diagnostic procedures including morphological identification of virus vectors, plant tests and transmission assays as well as the application of molecular detection tools are reviewed, in the light of preventive and phytosanitary procedures. Management of GFLV on grapevine requires production of healthy plants for certification and marketing schemes, to be used in soils found free of its vector, Xiphinema index. In fields already infested, some integrated management options may be applied including, in order of importance, agronomic practices with long rotations (5-7 years) intercropping with poor or antagonistic hosts, chemical control, application of organic amendments and natural products, biofumigation, nematicidal plants and biological control agents. Given the risk that due to some nematodes’ parthenogenetic reproduction epidemics may arise even from a single individual vector, emphasis must be given to preventive and continuous field monitoring procedures.


Molecular Beacon Nematode Population Systematic Parasitology Grapevine Fanleaf Virus Xiphinema Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatyana Bilevai
    • 1
  • Boryana Choleva
    • 2
  • Sue Hockland
    • 3
  • Aurelio Ciancio
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Plant Protection and AgroecologyAgricultural University4000 PlovdivBulgaria
  2. 2.Faculty of BiologySofia UniversityBulgaria
  3. 3.Plant Health Group, Central Science LaboratoryCentral Science LaboratoryUKBulgaria
  4. 4.Istituto per la Protezione delle PianteAgricultural University70126 BariItaly

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