New Bulk Materials for Thermoelectric Applications: Synthetic Strategies Based On Phase Homologies

  • Mercouri G Kanatzidis
Part of the Fundamental Materials Research book series (FMRE)


Success in discovering new thermoelectric (TE) materials hinges on our ability to achieve simultaneously high electronic conductivity (σ), high thermoelectric power (S) and low thermal conductivity (κ) in the same material.1,2,3These properties define the thermoelectric figure of merit ZT = (S2¦Ò/k)T; where T is the temperature. The S2s product is often called the power factor. All σ, S and κ are transport quantities and therefore are determined by the details of the crystal and electronic structure and scattering of charge carriers. They cannot be controlled independently. The thermal conductivity k has an electronic contribution κeland a lattice contribution, κ1, which is called the lattice thermal conductivity. The latter sometimes can be manipulated independently from the electrical conductivity and thermopower.


Seebeck Coefficient Homologous Series Thermoelectric Material Lattice Thermal Conductivity Type Unit 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mercouri G Kanatzidis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Center for Fundamental Materials ResearchMichigan State UniversityEast Lansing

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