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Adaptive user interfaces and adaptive dialog systems have been a topic of research for decades and a significant number of prototypes and approaches have been developed. In this chapter, we present adaptive systems and adaptation approaches and discuss their relation to this work. Adaptation may be regarded as the application of artificial intelligence techniques to user interfaces. The aim of artificial intelligence is to create intelligent computer systems by imitating – and possibly surpassing – human intelligence. In doing so, artificial intelligence enables a computer to become a worthy opponent in playing games such as chess, to understand human speech, or to become an intelligent agent for tasks like planning appointments. When applied to user interfaces, artificial intelligence techniques are used to observe the user-system interaction and to perform improvements of the interface. Interactive systems that use artificial intelligence to anticipate user behavior and improve the user interface are called intelligent or adaptive interfaces. Adaptations enable a user to work with interactive systems more easily and conveniently.
KeywordsInteractive System User Modeling Design Pattern Adaptation Pattern Adaptation Framework
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