John Charnley pp 185-197 | Cite as

Spreading the Word 1967–1982

  • William Waugh


On taking up his appointment at the Manchester Medical School after the war, Charnley soon found that routine teaching of medical students was frustrating and kept him from the work he really wanted to do; although he remained an enthusiastic and popular postgraduate teacher. From 1959 onwards, when he was concentrating his efforts at Wrightington, he determined never to undertake undergraduate teaching again. Sir Harry Platt wrote to him in 1967 about plans for ‘teaching orthopaedics in the Manchester of the future’. Charnley explained his attitude:

Ever since my own student days I have believed that the idea of a Teaching Hospital trying to cope with teaching medical students, carrying-out first-class clinical work… and doing research, all simultaneously, is futile. The teaching of undergraduates should be raised to a high professional level by doctors paid well enough to study teaching techniques...

I have proved to myself that immense progress in the quality of services to patients in a Welfare State and immense contributions to basic science and surgery, can only be made by breaking out from the conventional atmosphere of the Teaching Hospital. The only form of planned teaching I am prepared to do is: (1) to teach the teachers of undergraduates, and (2) postgraduate teaching, and even this very selective. (5.12.67)


Clinical Orthopaedic Fatal Pulmonary Embolism Postgraduate Teaching Teaching Medical Student Senior Registrar 
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  2. 2.
    Charnley J. (1967) Remarks for the guidance of residents presenting cases at the Wednesday conference. Wrightington Internal Publications (7)Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Hammond B.T. (1967) The sphericity of the femoral head. Med Biol Eng 5: 445–53Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Elson R.A. (1968) The direction of resultant force in total prosthetic replacement of the hip joint. Med Biol Eng 6: 19–27Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with McLeish R.D. (1971) Abduction forces in one-legged stance. J Biomech 3: 191–209Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Kamangar A., Longfield M.D. (1969) The optimum size of femoral heads in relation to the wear of plastic sockets in total replacement of the hip. Med Biol Eng 7(1):31–9 Charnley J. (1974) Clinical and laboratory observations on the rate of wear of different plastic materials in the sockets of artificial hip joints. Materials for use in Medicine and Biology. 55th meeting of Biological Engineering Society, Cambridge, July 1974Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. (1974) The status of research into the wear of high molecular weight polyethylene in total hip replacement. Wrightington Internal Publication (49)Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. (1975) The wear of plastics materials in the hip joint. Paper presented at symposium at Strathclyde University, September 24, 1975. Wrightington Internal Publication (56)Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Dowling J.M., Atkinson J.R., Dowson D. (1978) The characteristics of acetabular cups worn in the human body. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 60: 375–82Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. (1965) Total replacement for advanced coxarthrosis. In SICOT Xc congrès, Paris, pp 311–19Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. (1968) Total prosthetic replacement of the hip. Triangle (Switzerland) 8 (6): 211–16Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Welch R.R. (1970) Low-friction arthroplasty of the hip in rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Clin Orthop 72: 22–32Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Jaffe W.L. (1971) Bilateral low-friction arthroplasty as a single operative procedure. Bull Hosp Joint Dis 32: 198–214Google Scholar
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    Charnley J.. Feagin J.A. (1973) Low friction arthroplasty in congenital subluxation of the hip. Clin Orthop 91: 98–113Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with DeLee J., Ferrari A. (1976) Ectopic bone formation following low friction arthroplasty of the hip. Clin Orthop 121: 53–9Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Ferrari A. (1976) Conversion of hip joint pseudarthrosis to total hip replacement. Clin Orthop 121: 12–9Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Hardinge K., Williams D., Etienne A., MacKenzie D. (1977) Conversion of fused hips to low friction arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 59: 385–95Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Boardman K.P. (1978) Low friction arthroplasty after fracture dislocation of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 60: 495–7Google Scholar
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    Charnley J., Del Sel H.J. (1978) Total hip replacement following infection in the opposite hip. Clin Orthop 141: 138–42Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. (1979) Low Friction Arthroplasty of the Hip. Theory and Practice. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Hardinge K., Cleary J. (1979) Low friction arthroplasty after healed septic and tuberculous arthritis. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 61: 144–7Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Crawford W.J., Hillman F. (1968) A clinical trial of anticoagulant therapy in elective hip surgery. Wrightington Internal Publications (14)Google Scholar
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    Charnley J. (1972) Prophylaxis of postoperative thromboembolism (letter) Lancet II (768): 134–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Kelsey J.L., Wood P.H. (1976) Prediction of thromboembolism following total hip replacement. Clin Orthop 114: 247–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Charnley J., Johnson R. (1977) Treatment of pulmonary embolism in total hip replacement. Clin Orthop 128: 149–54Google Scholar
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    Charnley J., Johnson R., Green J.R. (1977) Pulmonary embolism and its prophylaxis following the Charnley total hip replacement. Clin Orthop 127: 123–32PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Charnley J. with Johnson R. (1978) Hydroxyquinone in prophylaxis of pulmonary embolism following hip athroplasty. Clin Orthop 144: 174–7Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Waugh
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of NottinghamWadenhoe, Nr Oundle, PeterboroughUK
  2. 2.Harlow Wood Orthopaedic HospitalWadenhoe, Nr Oundle, PeterboroughUK

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