The Growth of an Idea 1951–1961

  • William Waugh


In the years after the war, and while he was working in Manchester, Charnley gradually evolved his concept of a low friction arthroplasty. He had become intrigued by the way animal joints were lubricated and he carried out laboratory investigations in collaboration with engineering colleagues to test his ideas. This led to the search for a new material with a low coefficient of friction which could be used in an artificial joint.


Femoral Head Articular Cartilage Synovial Fluid Hydrodynamic Lubrication Artificial Joint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Charnley J. (1951) Osteoarthritis of the hip. Report of a meeting of the section of surgery, Manchester Medical Society. Br Med J i: 296Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Charnley J. (1954) All methods of arthroplasty have failed to achieve their purpose (debate). British Orthopaedic Association. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 36: 509Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Charnley J. (1955) The `slipperiness’ of articular cartilage. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 37: 164Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Charnley J. (1956) Arthroplasty of the hip. Discussion. South African Orthopaedic Association (1955). J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 38: 592Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Charnley J. (1958) Surgical treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip. Société Internationale de Chirurgerie Orthopédique et de Traumatologie meeting, Barcelona, 1957. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 40: 156Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Charnley J. (1959) The lubrication of animal joints. In: Symposium on Biomechanics, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, pp 12–22Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Charnley J. (1959) The lubrication of animal joints. The New Scientist, 9 July, 60–61Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Charnley J. (1960) The lubrication of animal joints in relation to surgical reconstruction by arthroplasty. Ann Rheum Dis 19: 10–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Charnley J. (1960) Surgery of the hip joint, present and future developments. Br Med J i: 821–6Google Scholar
  10. Charnley J. (1960) How are joints lubricated? Triangle 4: 175–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Charnley J. (1960) The future of hip surgery. Nursing Mirror 110: 2190–2Google Scholar
  12. 10.
    Charnley J. (1961) Surgeon and engineer (letter). Lancet I: 449Google Scholar
  13. 11.
    Charnley J. (1961) Arthroplasty of the hip–a new operation. Lancet I:1129–32 Charnley J. (1962) L’arthroplastie de la hanche. Med et Hyg 21: 367–9Google Scholar
  14. 12.
    Charnley J. (1962) An artificial bearing in the hip: implications in biological lubrication. Fed Proc 25: 1079–81Google Scholar
  15. Charnley J. (1979) Low Friction Arthroplasty of the Hip. Theory and Practice. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. 13.
    Annotation (1961) Surgeon and engineer. Lancet I: 325–6Google Scholar
  17. 14.
    Armstrong C.G., Mow V.C. (1980) Friction, lubrication and wear in synovial joints. In: Goodfellow J.G., Owen R. (eds) Scientific Foundations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Wm Heinemann, London, pp 223–32Google Scholar
  18. 15.
    Brailsford J.L. (1960) Osteoarthritis of the hip (letters). Lancet I:1280 and I: 1959Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    Editorial (1960) Surgery of osteoarthritis of the hip. Br Med J i: 1261–2Google Scholar
  20. 17.
    Hardinge K. (1988) The development of the Charnley low friction arthroplasty. In: Current Trends in Orthopaedic Surgery. Manchester University Press, Manchester, pp 242–5Google Scholar
  21. 18.
    Jones E.S. (1934) Joint lubrication. Lancet I: 1043–4Google Scholar
  22. 19.
    Jones E.S. (1936) Joint lubrication. Lancet I: 1426–7Google Scholar
  23. 20.
    Judet J., Judet R., LaGrange J., Dunoyer J. (1954) Resection—reconstruction of the hip: arthroplasty with an acrylic prosthesis. E & S Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  24. 21.
    MacConnaill M.A. (1932) The function of intra-articular cartilages. J Anat 66: 210–27Google Scholar
  25. 22.
    McKee G.K. (1951) Artificial hip joint. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 33: 465Google Scholar
  26. 23.
    McKee G.K. (1970) Development of total prosthetic replacement of the hip. Clin Orthop 72: 85–103PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 24.
    Moore A.T. (1952) Metal hip joint: a new self-locking vitallium prosthesis. S Med J 45: 1015–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 25.
    Scales J. (1967) Arthroplasty of the hip using foreign materials: a history. In: Symposium on Lubrication and Wear in Living and Artificial Human Joints. Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, paper 13, pp 1–22Google Scholar
  29. 26.
    Smith-Petersen M.N. (1939) Arthroplasty of the hip: a new method. J Bone Joint Surg 39: 269–88Google Scholar
  30. 27.
    Thompson F.R. (1954) Two and a half years’ experience with a vitallium hip prosthesis. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 36: 489–500Google Scholar
  31. 28.
    Wiles P.W. (1958) The surgery of the osteoarthritic hip. Br J Surg 45: 488–97PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 29.
    Walton J. (1950) Progress in gastric surgery in the last half century. Br Med J i: 206–10Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Waugh
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of NottinghamWadenhoe, Nr Oundle, PeterboroughUK
  2. 2.Harlow Wood Orthopaedic HospitalWadenhoe, Nr Oundle, PeterboroughUK

Personalised recommendations