Real-Time Work-in-Progress Management for Ubiquitous Manufacturing Environment

  • Yingfeng Zhang
  • George Q. HuangEmail author
  • Ting Qu
  • Shudong Sun
Part of the Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing book series (SSAM)


Recent developments in wireless technologies have created opportunities for developing next-generation manufacturing systems (NGMS) with real-time traceability, visibility and interoperability in shop-floor planning, execution and control. This chapter proposes a referenced infrastructure of Ubiquitous Manufacturing (UM). Under this infrastructure, a Smart Gateway and a real-time work-in-progress management system (WIPMS) based on smart objects such as RFID/Auto-ID devices and web service technologies are designed to manage and control the real-time materials flow and information flow to improve the optimal planning and control of the entire shop-floor. During manufacturing execution stage, they can provide operators and supervisors with real-time status and information of current manufacturing environment. It follows a simple but effective principle: what you see is what you do and what you do is what you see. Production disturbances could thus be detected and fed back to decision makers for implementing closed-loop shop-floor control. For manufacturing information sharing and integration, a work-in-progress markup language (wipML) is used to establish the information model and schemas of WIP based on some important standards such as ISA 95 and B2MML. Then, the real-time manufacturing information can be effectively encapsulated, shared and exchanged between Smart Gateways, WIPA and heterogeneous enterprise information systems (EISs). Finally, the presented framework is demonstrated through a near real-life simplified shop-floor that consists of typical manufacturing objects.


Shop Floor Smart Object Manufacturing Resource Manufacturing Information Standard Query Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Advanced Manufacturing Technology


Manufacturing Powered by Auto-ID Technologies


Agent-based Workflow Management


Business-to-Manufacturing Mark-up Language


Bill of Materials


Critical event Extensible Markup Language


Enterprise Information Systems


Flexible Manufacturing System


High Frequency


Industry Standard Architecture


Next-generation Manufacturing Systems


Pearl River Delta


Radio Frequency Identification


Service-oriented Architecture


Smart Object Management System


Smart Objects


Smart objects Universal Description, Discovery and Integration


Ultra-High Frequency


Ubiquitous Manufacturing


World Batch Forum


Workflow Management Coalition


Work-in-progress Agent


Work-in-progress Markup Language


Work-in-progress Management System


Standard Query Language



The relevant research contributions reported in a series of our international journal papers [2, 7, 8] have been used and integrated in this Chapter, authors would like to acknowledge the researchers and students in the Department of Industry and Manufacturing System Engineering of the University of Hong Kong. Besides, authors would like to acknowledge financial supports of the HKSAR ITF (GHP/042/07LP) grant and National Science Foundation of China (51175435).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yingfeng Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • George Q. Huang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ting Qu
    • 1
  • Shudong Sun
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems EngineeringThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of Industrial EngineeringNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina

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