Measurement of Bubble Size Distribution in Protein Foam Fractionation Column Using Capillary Probe with Photoelectric Sensors
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Bubble size is a key variable for predicting the ability to separate and concentrate proteins in a foam fractionation process. It is used to characterize not only the bubble-specific interf acial area but also coalescence of bubbles in the foam phase. This article describes the development of a photoelectric method for measuring the bubble size distribution in both bubble and foam columns for concentrating proteins. The method uses a vacuum to withdraw a stream of gas-liquid dispersion from the bubble or foam column through a capillary tube with a funnel-shaped inlet. The resulting sample bubble cylinders are detected, and their lengths are calculated by using two pairs of infrared photoelectric sensors that are connected with a high-speed data acquisition system controlled by a microcomputer. The bubble size distributions in the bubble column 12 and 1 cm below the interface and in the foam phase 1 cm above the interface are obtained in a continuous foam fraction-ation process for concentrating ovalbumin. The effects of certain operating conditions such as the feed protein concentration, superficial gas velocity, liquid flow rate, and solution pH are investigated. The results may prove to be helpful in understanding the mechanisms controlling the foam fractionation of proteins.
Index EntriesBubble size capillary tube photoelectric method foam fractionation ovalbumin
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