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Attapulgite-pesticide interactions

  • Ze’ev Gerstl
  • Bruno Yaron
Conference paper
  • 75 Downloads
Part of the Residue Reviews book series (RECT, volume 78)

Abstract

As most pesticides are either insoluble or only slightly soluble in water and must be applied in relatively small amounts over large areas, they are formulated in such a way that a highly concentrated organic chemical can be put into a convenient-to-use and effective form for field use by blending it with additives and inert carriers. The formulation must be easy and economical to use, do the job it is meant for, have an adequate shelf-life, and have no undesirable side effects. In solid-based formulations, the inert materials used, called diluents or carriers, can be either botanicals (e.g., ground corn cobs, walnut shells), synthetics (both organic and inorganic), or minerals (carbonates, oxides, and clays). In 1976 nearly 300,000 tons of various clays were delivered to pesticide manufacturers in the United States alone for use in pesticide formulations (U.S. Department of Agriculture 1976). Of this amount, over 65% was attapulgite. The predominance of attapulgite in the formulation of pesticides in preference to more common clay minerals such as kaolinite and montmorillonite stems from the fact that it is not easily flocculated by electrolytes and does not cake at high relative humidities but remains free-flowing (HADEN and SCHWINT1967).

Keywords

Methyl Parathion Hexane Solution Walnut Shell Zeolitic Water Magnesium Aluminum Silicate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ze’ev Gerstl
  • Bruno Yaron
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Soil Residues ChemistryInstitute of Soils and Water Agricultural Research OrganizationBet DaganIsrael

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