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Minimizing occupational exposure to pesticides: Techniques for establishing safe levels of foliar residues

  • James B. Knaak
Conference paper
Part of the Residue Reviews book series (RECT, volume 75)

Abstract

Field workers hand harvesting, stripping, thinning, disbudding, pruning, and pinching crops come into contact with toxic organophosphate residues on foliage. These residues inhibit Cholinesterase activity, causing dizziness, pinpoint pupils, nausea, headache, and other symptoms which, if severe enough, lead to hospitalization and/or loss of work. To reduce these hazards, the California Department of Agriculture in 1971 established reentry intervals for 16 organophosphate1 insecticides. This list has been expanded over the last eight years to include 21 organophosphate insecticides used on vine and tree fruits as indicated in Table I.

Keywords

Cholinesterase Inhibition Safe Level Methyl Parathion California Department Dermal Absorption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • James B. Knaak
    • 1
  1. 1.California Department of Food and AgricultureSacramentoUSA

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