Secretory Organelles: I The Endomembrane System

  • Lawrence S. Dillon


Within many active cells there exists an extensive system of organelles, which, while consisting of membranes of various forms, are not enclosed by such structures. The two generally recognized types of this endomembrane system, as it has been called (Morré et al., 1971; Moiré and Ovtracht, 1977), may be closely associated or more or less isolated from one another and, being unrestrained by an enclosure, vary widely in size, form, and location between tissue types as well as with the activity of a particular cell at a given moment. The two kinds of organelles, currently known as the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus, are alike involved in secretion, a term that will be found to cover a great diversity of cellular functions. In some cases, these two organelles are so closely associated that they are difficult to distinguish except by cytochemical techniques. Such intimate associations are currently referred to as GERL, the letters of which acronym respectively refer to Golgi, endoplasmic reticulum, and lysosomes, the latter a secretory vesicle that is given attention in the following chapter along with others of a similar nature. When used correctly as a collective term, the acronym is of occasional value, especially in discussions of cellular conformations of these membranous structures whose proper identification has not been firmly determined.


Golgi Apparatus Golgi Complex Golgi Body ENDOMEMBRANE System Rough Microsome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence S. Dillon
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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