Energy-Oriented Organelles and Activities: II The Mitochondrion

  • Lawrence S. Dillon


Among eukaryotes the cyclic respiratory processes just described occur for the greater part in an organelle of the cytoplasm known as the mitochondrion, while glycolysis and related activities are confined to the cytoplasm. In the prokaryotes mitochondria are absent, but many types of those organisms possess a membranous body in which the citric acid cycle may proceed. Because the eukaryotic organelle has been far more extensively explored, its structure receives attention prior to the simpler bodies found in bacteria and their relatives. Although the primary function of the mitochondrion is in cell respiration, it seems to be involved in numerous other aspects of the cell’s economy, as attested by the differing enzyme systems found from tissue to tissue. Most of these roles remain unknown, but some are coming to light at the current time. For instance, in earthworm spermiogenesis it plays an evident part in the condensation of the chromatin in the nucleus (Figure 9.1; Martinucci and Felluga, 1979). Moreover, it has been found to be active in mediating the action of luteinizing hormone in the synthesis of steroids in Amphibia (Wiebe, 1972).


Brown Adipose Tissue Citric Acid Cycle Neurospora Crassa Outer Compartment Cytoplasmic Ribosome 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence S. Dillon
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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