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Integrated Chemical and Biological Analysis of Asphalt and Pitch Fumes

  • Philip S. Thayer
  • Judith C. Harris
  • Kenneth T. Menzies
  • Richard W. Niemeier
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 27)

Abstract

Significant increased risks in developing cancer of the lung, upper respiratory tract, and upper gastrointestinal tract, including stomach cancer, have been demonstrated for individuals working 20 or more years in roofing operations (Hammond et al., 1976) . These investigators have also documented trends of increased risk of prostate, bladder, or skin cancer, and leukemia in these workers. The occupational exposures incurred by roofers may be associated with high levels of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) arising from the heating and application of petroleum asphalts and coal tar pitch. These findings are consistent with results of other studies that have indicated that excessive occupational exposure to PAHs may be associated with increased mortality from various types of cancer. Examples of these occupations include chimney sweeps (Pott, 1775) and coke oven workers (Lloyd, 1971; Mazumdar et al., 1975; Redmond et al., 1972). Skin cancer mortality may be of borderline significance in many of these occupations only because deaths due to skin cancer are rare. However, skin cancer incidence may be excessive.

Keywords

Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbon Simulated Sunlight Roofing Material Petroleum Asphalt Coke Oven Worker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip S. Thayer
    • 1
  • Judith C. Harris
    • 1
  • Kenneth T. Menzies
    • 1
  • Richard W. Niemeier
    • 2
  1. 1.Arthur D. Little, Inc.CambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Division of Biomedical and Behavioral ScienceNational Institute for Occupational Safety and HealthCincinnatiUSA

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