Mutagens in Airborne Particulate Pollutants and Nitro Derivatives Produced by Exposure of Aromatic Compounds to Gaseous Pollutants

  • Hiroshi Tokiwa
  • Shigeji Kitamori
  • Reiko Nakagawa
  • Yoshinari Ohnishi
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 27)


Most of the mutagenicity in airborne particulate pollutants is found in respirable particles less than 1 μm in diameter, and polycyclic aromatic hardrocarbons (PAHs) or their derivatives seem to be important mutagens in these particles. In fact, the neutral fraction extracted from airborne particulates contains direct- and indirect-acting mutagens, and accounts for 48% of the mutagenic activity of the whole extract (Tokiwa et al., 1980).


Mutagenic Activity Diesel Exhaust Nitro Compound Airborne Particulate Neutral Fraction 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Tokiwa
    • 1
  • Shigeji Kitamori
    • 1
  • Reiko Nakagawa
    • 1
  • Yoshinari Ohnishi
    • 2
  1. 1.Fukuoka Environmental Research CenterFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Bacteriology, School of MedicineThe University of TokushimaTokushima 770Japan

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