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Evaluation by the Tradescantia-Micronucleus Test of the Mutagenicity of Internal Combustion Engine Exhaust Fumes from Diesel and Diesel-Soybean Oil Mixed Fuels

  • T. H. Ma
  • W. R. Lower
  • F. D. Harris
  • J. Poku
  • V. A. Anderson
  • M. M. Harris
  • J. L. Bare
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 27)

Abstract

A comparative study of the fuel efficiency of diesel and diesel/soybean oil mixture for the stationary diesel engine has been undertaken in the Department of Agricultural Engineering of the University of Missouri. The present study was designed to evaluate the mutagenicity of these internal combustion engine emissions using the Tradescantia-Micronucleus (Trad-MCN) test with Tradescantia clone #4430. A large number of control data obtained from previous studies were analyzed to examine the underlying distribution of the occurrence of micronuclei (MCN) in control populations and to explore some methods of statistical analyses appropriate to the data. Experiments were conducted by exposing the early prophase I meiotic pollen mother cells of Tradescantia plant cuttings to the diluted exhaust fumes and observing the frequencies of MCN in the early tetrads of the same meiotic cycle.

Keywords

Diesel Engine Diesel Exhaust Diesel Exhaust Particulate Diesel Engine Emission Meiotic Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. H. Ma
    • 1
  • W. R. Lower
    • 2
  • F. D. Harris
    • 3
  • J. Poku
    • 2
  • V. A. Anderson
    • 1
  • M. M. Harris
    • 1
  • J. L. Bare
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Environmental Management and Department of Biological SciencesWestern Illinois UniversityMacombUSA
  2. 2.Environmental Trace Substances Research CenterColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural EngineeringThe University of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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