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The Dyeing of Wool

  • C. L. Bird
Chapter

Abstract

In 1856, when W. H. Perkin inaugurated the era of synthetic dyes, there were four principal fibers used for clothing. Two of these were protein fibers, wool and silk; the other two (cotton and linen) consisted of cellulose. Proteins, unlike cellulose, contain salt-forming acidic and basic groups, so they readily adsorb a variety of coloring matters. Before the advent of synthetic dyes, the problem was not so much how to dye wool but how to obtain, from the comparatively few coloring matters available, a range of colors that would withstand the action of sunlight and be resistant to wet treatments.

Keywords

Wool Fiber Sulfonic Acid Group Basic Side Chain Dyer Colourist Level Dyeing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. L. Bird
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Colour ChemistryThe UniversityLeedsEngland

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