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Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head

  • Marvin E. Steinberg
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Abstract

Avascular or aseptic necrosis of bone was probably first described in 1738 by Alexander Munro.68 In 1794 James Russell published a text on necrosis of bone,84 and between 1829 and 1842 Jean Cruveilhier, the noted French anatomist, recorded gross deformation of the femoral head as a late complication of trauma, presumably as a result of vascular damage.26,57,64,67 Kragelund in 1886 and Konig in 1888 published more comprehensive reports on this subject.26,57 Freund, however, is generally credited with the first detailed description of bilateral idiopathic aseptic necrosis of the femoral heads.34,47 The more recent works by Phemister and his associates have become classics on the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of this condition.58,79–81

Keywords

Femoral Head Avascular Necrosis Core Decompression Ligamentum Teres Aseptic Necrosis 
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