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An ant, compared with other species, is a simple creature. Yet, a colony of ants forms a single complex hierarchical system, which, in some sense, can be more efficient than other ingregarious, yet more advanced, organisms. Ants utilize simple protocols in communications between each other. An ordered system is thereby formed and individuals know where/how to efficiently locate/transport foods. Careful examinations revealed that the system works from bottom up. The result is remarkable: the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.
KeywordsMass Density Cellular Automaton Reaction Rule Cellular Automaton Method Mass Plot
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- Santa Fe Institute actively engages in researches on complex systems and emerging science. Its web site is worth visiting on a regular basis, http://www.santafe.edu