The Cranial Nerves

  • Elliott M. Marcus
  • Stanley Jacobson


The cranial nerves originate from a diverse group of nuclei and ganglia and innervate primarily the skin and muscles of the shoulder, head and neck. The structures innervated by the cranial nerves are especially important for many of the communications skills of humans including facial expression, language, sight, smell, taste and hearing. Another major function of cranial nerves III, VII, IX and X is to provide the parasympathetic innervation to the eyes, heart and GI system in the body; that is one of the major survival mechanisms for our species.


Cranial Nerve Facial Nerve Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Cavernous Sinus Trigeminal Neuralgia 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elliott M. Marcus
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Stanley Jacobson
    • 4
  1. 1.University of Massachusetts School of MedicineUSA
  2. 2.Tufts University School of MedicineUSA
  3. 3.Dept. of NeurologySt. Vincent Hospital and Fallon ClinicUSA
  4. 4.Tufts University Health Science CampusBostonUSA

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