Concepts and Methodologies to Help Promote Industrial Ecology

  • J. A. Scott
  • K. Krishnamohan
  • A. Gabric
  • I. Christensen


To help promote ecologically sustainable development (ESD), industrial ecology (IE) has emerged as a framework for proactive management of human impacts on the natural environment. IE focuses on borrowing natural ecological principles and applying them to the design and management of commercial systems, and the infrastructure required by them. IE principles can be relevant to the workings of both the private and public sectors, and have the potential to be applied to internal processes within a single enterprise and the interactions between a network of enterprises. As a concept, IE is finding favor at a time when traditional depollution approaches which rely on end-of-pipe solutions are increasingly being regarded as inefficient (Erkman, 1997), and has been defined as:

“…An emerging framework for environmental management, seeking transformation of the industrial system in order to match its inputs and outputs to planetary and local carrying capacity. A central IE goal is to move from a linear to a closed-loop system in all realms of human production and consumption.”

(Lowe and Evans, 1995)


Industry Sector Industrial System Clean Production Environmental Management System Industrial Ecology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anastas P.T. and Breen, J.J. (1997) Design for Environment and Green Chemistry: the Heart and Soul of Industrial Ecology. Journal of Cleaner Production 5(1–2), 97–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ausubel, H.J. (1992) Industrial Ecology: Reflections on a Colloquium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 89(3), 879–884.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ayres, R.U and Ayres, L.W (1996) Industrial Ecology: Towards closing the materials cycle. Edward Elgar Publishing, London.Google Scholar
  4. Brennan, D (1999) Application of Life Cycle Analysis in Developing Cleaner Process – Some Pointers from Case Studies in Desulphurisation.. In Global Competitiveness through Cleaner Production, Eds. J.A. Scott and R.J. Pagan, Australian Cleaner Production Association Inc., Brisbane, Australia, 461–468.Google Scholar
  5. Cote, R. and Hall, J. (1995) Industrial parks as ecosystems, Journal of Cleaner Production, 3(1–2), 41–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ehrenfeld, J. and N. Gertler. 1997. Industrial Ecology in Practice: The Evolution of Interdependence at Kalundborg. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 1(1) 67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Erkman, S. (1997), Industrial Ecology: a Historical View, Journal of Cleaner Production, 5(1–2), 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Frosch, R.A. 1992. Industrial Ecology: A philosophical introduction, Proceedings of the. National Academy of Sciences, USA. 89, 800–803.Google Scholar
  9. Galloway, J.N (1982) Trace metals in atmospheric deposition: a review and assessment. Atmospheric Environment, 16(7), 123–130.Google Scholar
  10. Gertler, N (1995) Industrial ecosystems: Developing sustainable industrial structures. MSc Thesis, MIT, Cambridge, USA.Google Scholar
  11. Graedel, T.E., Allenby, B.R. and Linhart, P.B. (1993) Implementing Industrial Ecology, IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 12(1), 18–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Graedel, T.E. and Allenby, B.A. (1995), Industrial Ecology, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  13. Grann, H. (1997) The Industrial Green Game, National Academy Press, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  14. Herat, S. (1994) Use of cement kilns in managing solid and hazardous wastes: implementation in Australia. PhD thesis. Griffith University, Australia.Google Scholar
  15. Karamanos, P. (1995) Industrial Ecology — An Organizing Framework for Environmental Management. Total Quality Environmental Management, 3(1), 73–85.Google Scholar
  16. Keoleian, G.A (1994) Product life-cycle assessment to reduce health risks and environmental impacts. Noyes Press, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  17. Khan, A.U. (1999) Cleaner Production Experiences in Major Industry Sectors of Pakistan. In Global Competitiveness through Cleaner Production, Eds. J.A. Scott and R.J. Pagan. Australian Cleaner Production Association Inc., Brisbane, Australia, 131–142.Google Scholar
  18. Krrishnamohan, K. (1999) Opportunities and Constraints in the Application of Industrial Ecology to Manufacturing Industries in Australia. M Phil Dissertation, School of Environmental Engineering, Griffith University, Australia.Google Scholar
  19. Lindeman, R.L (1942) The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology. Ecology, 23, 399–418.Google Scholar
  20. Lowe, E.A. and Evans, L.K. (1995) Industrial Ecology and Industrial Ecosystems, Journal of Cleaner Production, 3(1–2), 47–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lowe, E.A., Warren, J.L and Moran, S.R (1997) Discovering Industrial Ecology: An executive briefing and sourcebook, Batelle Press, Columbus, Ohio.Google Scholar
  22. Lundie, S. and Huppes, G. (1999) Product Assessment based on a range of Societal Preferences. In Global Competitiveness through Cleaner Production, Eds. J.A. Scott and R.J. Pagan,. Australian Cleaner Production Association Inc., Brisbane, Australia, 441–451.Google Scholar
  23. Newland, P., Wilczek, E. and Bilsborough, K. (1999) Cleaner Production — the South Australian Experience. In Global Competitiveness through Cleaner Production, Eds. J.A. Scott and R.J. Pagan,. Australian Cleaner Production Association Inc., Brisbane, Australia, 153–159.Google Scholar
  24. Oldenburg K.U. and Geiser K. (1997) Pollution Prevention and…or Industrial Ecology. Journal of Cleaner Production, 5(1–2), 103–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pimm, S.L. (1982) Food Webs. Chapman and Hall, Publishers, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Richards, D.J. (1997) The Industrial Green Game: Implications for Environmental Design and Management, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy Press, Washington DC,Google Scholar
  27. Tang, Y.-H., Tseng, R.-K., Chiu, S.-Y. and Le, C. (1999) Promotion of Industrial Waste Minimization through Corporate Synergy Systems in Taiwan. Journal of Cleaner Production, 7(5), 351–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tibbs, H. (1992) Industrial Ecology: An Environmental Agenda for Industry, Whole Earth Review, 11, 4–19.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Scott
    • 1
  • K. Krishnamohan
    • 1
  • A. Gabric
    • 1
  • I. Christensen
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Integrated Environmental ProtectionGriffith UniversityAustralia
  2. 2.Brisbane City CouncilBrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations