Packaging requirements of pharmaceuticals

  • H. Lockhart
  • F. A. Paine


The substances used in medicine for the treatment of disease (and loosely referred to as ‘drugs’) take many forms and are of diverse origin [1]. As Ross [1] pointed out the derivation of the word drug is unknown but originally it meant a simple medicinal substance, mostly of vegetable origin, such as witch-hazel leaves, dandelion root and camomile flowers, but it also included such potent poisons as belladonna (deadly nightshade), aconite (monkshood) and opium.


High Density Polyethylene Plastic Container Healthcare Product Metal Container Camomile Flower 
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  1. 1.
    Ross CF. Packaging of pharmaceuticals. London: Newnes-Butterworths, 1975.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    British Pharmacopoeia 1973. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    United States PharmacopoeiaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Leonard EA. Economics of packaging. New York: Morgan Grampian Inc., 1975.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Paine FA, Paine HY. Economics of packaging. In Handbook of food packaging. 2nd edn. Glasgow, Blackie A & P, 1992; pp 357–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    BS 1679. Containers for pharmaceutical dispensing; Part 5, Eye dropper bottles. London: British Standards Institute.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Lockhart
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • F. A. Paine
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.School of PackagingMichigan State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Center for Food Pharmaceutical ResearchUSA
  3. 3.Committee of RevisionU.S. Pharmacopeial ConventionUSA
  4. 4.School of PackagingMichigan State UniversityUSA
  5. 5.Packaging Technology & ManagementUSA

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