Primary and intermediate packages

  • H. Lockhart
  • F. A. Paine


The choice of packaging for any specific pharmaceutical product is dependent on the following principal factors:
  • • the nature of the product itself — its chemical activity, moisture sensitivity, effect of oxygen and its compatibility with possible packaging materials

  • • the type of patient — e.g. child, elderly adult, male or female, ethnic origin

  • • the form of the dose — free flowing granules, aqueous solution, cream, ointment, inhalation, etc.

  • method and site of administering the medication — oral, topical, parenteral, ear, eye, nose, skin, etc. Whether a dispensing device is to be used, e.g. syringe, dropper, etc.

  • method of distribution — ethical through pharmacies and hospitals, or OTC through retail outlets

  • capacity of the packaging needed — small bulk for pharmacies, OPD, unit dose, etc.

  • required shelf life and likely sales areas.


Healthcare Product Butadiene Styrene Styrene Collapsible Tube Blister Pack Good Seal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Lockhart
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • F. A. Paine
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.School of PackagingMichigan State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Center for Food Pharmaceutical ResearchUSA
  3. 3.Committee of RevisionU.S. Pharmacopeial ConventionUSA
  4. 4.School of PackagingMichigan State UniversityUSA
  5. 5.Packaging Technology & ManagementUSA

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