What Works Today in Prevention
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It is doubtful that research will ever be able to fully explain why some youth engage in alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use and others do not. It has, however, identified a number of conditions that correlate with the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs among children and youth. These correlates, or risk factors, can be grouped into six major life areas or “domains”—the individual, family, school, peer group, neighborhood/community, and society/media. Each domain represents an important sphere of influence in the lives of children and youth. This view of correlates by life domains has evolved from ecological theory and is visually represented in Figure 2.1. Although our research was conducted on substance abuse prevention, it is known that virtually all other problem behaviors share many (if not most) of these same risk factors.
KeywordsFamily Domain Resiliency Factor Substance Abuse Prevention Adolescent Drug Abuse Youth Substance
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