The Development and Applications of Scintillator-Photodiode Detectors
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The advantages of scintillation detectors using photodiodes are compared with those using photomultipliers, and a brief history is presented of their development in the 1960s. These devices have proved valuable in the study of clustering in nuclei via breakup reactions, where the excitation energy in the nucleus can be reconstructed with better resolution than that of the scintillation detector. Combinations of gas filled ion chambers, silicon position sensitive detectors and scintillator-photodiode detectors have been constructed and used recently to observe 6He clustering in states of 12Be.
KeywordsScintillation Detector Breakup Reaction Radioactive Nuclear Beam Excitation Energy Spectrum Mylar Window
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