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Scientific basis for extrapolating results from soil ecotoxicity tests to field conditions and the use of bioassays

  • Cornelis A. M. Van Gestel
Chapter

Abstract

The risk assessment of chemicals for ecosystems is generally based on the results of laboratory toxicity tests. For an overview of tests available or under development for the soil ecosystem, refer to Van Straalen and Van Gestel (1993). To derive ‘safe’ levels of chemicals in soil ecosystems, a number of extrapolation methods have been developed. These extrapolation methods all assume a certain distribution (log-logistic, log-normal or triangular) of sensitivities of organisms in the field, and aim at deriving a so-called 95% protection level, i.e. the hazardous concentration for 5% of the species, the so-called HC5 value. For a critical overview of extrapolation methods see Suter (1993)

Keywords

Pore Water Soil Respiration Soil Moisture Content Polluted Soil Field Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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  • Cornelis A. M. Van Gestel

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