Mitochondrial DNA of Birds

  • Gerald F. Shields
  • Kathleen M. Helm-Bychowski
Part of the Current Ornithology book series (CUOR, volume 5)


The mitochondrial genome is the best known piece of eukaryotic DNA. Already the nucleotide sequences of the entire mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) of human (Anderson et al., 1981), cow (Anderson et al., 1982), house mouse (Bibb et al., 1981), frog (Xenopus laevis) (Roe et al., 1985), and fly (Drosophila yakuba) (Clary and Wolstenholme, 1985) are known. These complete sequences, together with partial sequences and restriction enzyme analyses of mtDNAs from many other species, have resulted in a detailed understanding of genome size, gene order and function, nucleotide sequence divergence, and population distribution of variants of this remarkable molecule.


Mitochondrial Genome Hybrid Zone Bank Vole Canada Goose Restriction Fragment Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald F. Shields
    • 1
  • Kathleen M. Helm-Bychowski
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Arctic BiologyUniversity of AlaskaFairbanksUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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