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Specifically Impermeable Precipitate Membranes

  • Carel J. van Oss
Chapter

Abstract

When two ionic species that can form a precipitate are brought together by diffusion and are allowed to interact inside the pores of gels, membranes, or other porous structures, precipitate membranes are formed that have a number of unusual properties. The first such membranes have been described by Pfeffer(1); they were formed by allowing an aqueous solution of a cupric salt on one side of a porous ceramic wall to diffuse toward and interact with a potassium ferrocyanide solution placed on the other side of the ceramic wall. Inside that wall (generally a ceramic jar) an apparently continuous semipermeable membrane of cupric ferrocyanide, or “pfefferian jar,” was created, endowed with pores of a very small size. Beutner studied the electrical properties of cupric ferrocyanide membranes formed in 10% gelatin containing 0.025M K4Fe(CN)6 in the gel, in contact with a 0.05M CuSo4 solution, which yielded a potential difference of ≈ 115 mV; he demonstrated that this system behaves like a reversible potassium electrode.(2,3) With cupric ferrocyanide membranes formed in parchment, Donnan measured membrane potentials(4) and ultimately developed his theory on membrane equilibria.(5)

Keywords

BaS04 Membrane Human Serum Albumin Double Diffusion Precipitate Line Seance Acad 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carel J. van Oss
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Microbiology and Chemical EngineeringState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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