- 94 Downloads
Metal science constitutes an ever-widening field at a time of scientific and technical revolution such as the present. Metallography, or the science of the structure of metals, dates from the time of D. K. Chernov, who in 1868 discovered the existence of certain special or “critical” points in the heating of steel, these being associated with the polymorphic transformations of iron. Metallography accordingly celebrated its centenary in 1968. The present-day science of metals, however, covers a wider field than elementary metallography. Metal science is concerned with the relationship between the electron characteristics and the structures of metals and alloys and their composition, as well as with their physical, chemical, technological, and practical characteristics under various thermodynamic and kinetic conditions. In certain other countries the term “metal science” has been replaced by the term “physical metallurgy,” which has a certain justification in view of the fact that it emphasizes the necessity of a physical approach to the study of metallurgical substances and processes.
KeywordsRefractory Metal Physical Metallurgy Critical Magnetic Field Metal Science Superconducting Magnet System
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.G. W. Wilson and D. G. Roberts, Symposium on MHD Power Generation, Newcastle (September, 1962 ), p. 14.Google Scholar
- 2.Science News, 91(20):475 (1967).Google Scholar
- 3.E. M. Savitskii and V. V. Baron, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Metallurgiya i Gornoe Delo, No. 5, p. 4 (1963).Google Scholar
- 4.E. M. Savitskii, Zh. Neorg. Khim., 12 (7): 1726 (1967).Google Scholar