Advertisement

Superconducting Elements

  • E. M. Savitskii
  • V. V. Baron
  • Yu. V. Efimov
  • M. I. Bychkova
  • L. F. Myzenkova
Chapter
  • 94 Downloads
Part of the The International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (INCMS)

Abstract

Superconductivity has been detected in 27 elements at ordinary pressures (Table 8). All these elements are metals. Thus superconductivity is a specific characteristic of the metallic type of interatomic bond. There is a point of view according to which all “true,” extremely pure metals should be superconducting at 0°K.

Keywords

Critical Current Density Interstitial Impurity Critical Magnetic Field Nontransition Metal Electron Specific Heat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    B. T. Matthias, in: Progress in Low-Temperature Physics, Vol. 2 (1957), p. 138.Google Scholar
  2. 1a.
    B. T. Matthias, Comments Solid-State Phys., 3 (4): 93 (1970).Google Scholar
  3. 1b.
    N. S. Kurnakov, Selected Works, Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow, Vol. 1 (1960) and Vol. 2 (1961).Google Scholar
  4. 1c.
    B. T. Matthias, American Scientist, 58 (1): 80 (1970).Google Scholar
  5. 1d.
    I. P. Carbotte and R. G. Dynee, Phys. Rev., 172 (2): 476 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 2.
    B. W. Roberts, Tech. Notes, 408: 26 (1966).Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    B. T. Matthias, Superconductors, Interscience, New York (1962), p. 1.Google Scholar
  8. 3a.
    B. T. Matthias, T. H. Geballe, et al., Science, 151: 985 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 4.
    J. D. Levingston and H. W. Schadler, Progr. in Mater. Sci., No. 12, p. 187 (1964).Google Scholar
  10. 5.
    I. W. Gilson and R. A. Hein, Phys. Rev. Letters, 12: 668 (1964).Google Scholar
  11. 5a.
    R. D. Fowler, B. T. Matthias, et al., Phys. Rev. Letters, 15 (22): 860 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 6.
    E. M. Savitskii and G. S. Burkhanov, Metallography of Refractory Metals and Alloys, Izd. Nauka, Moscow (1967).Google Scholar
  13. 6a.
    M. Atoji, J. E. Schirber, and C. A. Swenson, J. Chem. Phys., 31: 1628 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 6b.
    R. W. Roberts, Superconductive Materials and Some of Their Properties, Note 408 (1967).Google Scholar
  15. 6c.
    W. Buckel, Naturwissenschaft, 58 (4): 177 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 6d.
    T. Claeson et al., Phys. Stat. Sol., 42: 321 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 7.
    W. Buckel and R. Hilsch, Z. Phys., 138: 109 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 7a.
    P. R. Doidge and A. R. Eastham, Phil. Mag., 18, 153, 655 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 7b.
    D. Kohnlein, Z. Phys., 208 (2): 142 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 7c.
    M. Gey, Z. Phys., 229 (1): 85 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 8.
    C. A. Reynolds, B. Serin, and W. H. Wright, Phys. Rev., 78: 487 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 8b.
    O. F. Kammerer and M. Strongin, Phys. Lett., 17 (3): 224 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 8c.
    K. L. Chopra, Phys. Lett., A25 (6): 451 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 9.
    W. Buckel and W. Gey, Z. Phys., 176: 336 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 10.
    N. B. Brandt and N. I. Ginzburg, Zh. lksp. Teor. Fiz., 39: 1554 (1960).Google Scholar
  26. 10a.
    D. Köhnlein, Z. Phys., 208 (2): 142 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 11.
    B. G. Lazarev, E. E. Semenenko, and A. I.Sudovtsev, Zh. lksp. Teor. Fiz., 40: 105 (1961).Google Scholar
  28. 11a.
    R. L. Falge, Phys. Lett., A24 (ll): 579 (1967).Google Scholar
  29. 11b.
    B. G. Lazarev, L. S. Lazarev, E. E. Semenenko, V. I. Tutov, and S. I. Goridov, Summaries of Contributions to the Sixteenth All-Union Conference on Low-Temperature Physics, Leningrad (1970), p. 6.Google Scholar
  30. 11c.
    P. E. Frieberthauser and H. A. Notarys, J. Vac. Sci. and Technol., 7 (4): 485 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 11d.
    A. D. C. Grassie and D. B. Green, J. Phys. Chem. Solid State Phys., 3 (7): 1575 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 12.
    T. R. R. McDonald, E. Gregory, G. S. Barberich, D. B. McWhan, T. H. Geballe, and C. W. Hull, Phys. Lett., 14 (1): 16 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 13.
    B. T. Matthias and I. L. Olsen, Phys. Lett., 17: 187 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. a. Science News, 93(24):573 (1968).Google Scholar
  35. 14.
    W. Buckel and I. W. Wittig, Phys. Lett., 17: 187 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 14a.
    J. E. Gordon, H. Montgomery, et al Phys. Rev., 152: 432 (1966).Google Scholar
  37. 14b.
    J. Witting, Phys. Rev. Lett., 24 (15): 812 (1970).Google Scholar
  38. 14c.
    N. B. Brandt and I. V. Berman, Summaries of Contributions to the Sixteenth All-Union Conference on Low-Temperature Physics, Leningrad (1970), p. 53.Google Scholar
  39. 15.
    New Scientist, 27:459 (1965).Google Scholar
  40. 15a.
    N. E. Alekseevskii, Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk, 95 (2): 253 (1968).Google Scholar
  41. 15b.
    T. M. Wu, Phys. Lett., A30 (6): 347 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 15c.
    N. B. Brandt and N. I. Ginzburg, Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk, 98 (1): 1901 (1969).Google Scholar
  43. 16.
    E. A. Linton, Superconductivity [Russian translation], Izd. Mir, Moscow (1964), p. 12.Google Scholar
  44. 17.
    R. E. Glover and H. T. Coffey, Rev. Mod. Phys., 36 (1): 299 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 18.
    B. G. Lazarev, E. E. Semenenko, and V. M. Kuzmenko, Fiz. Met. Metallov., 23: 4651 (1966).Google Scholar
  46. 19.
    N. B. Brandt, N. I. Ginzburg, and I. V. Berman, Transactions of the Tenth International Conference on Low-Temperature Physics, Izd. VINITI, Moscow (1967), pp. 194–195, 269.Google Scholar
  47. 20.
    N. V. Zavaritskii, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 86 (3): 501 (1952).Google Scholar
  48. 21.
    B. G. Lazarev and A. Galkin, Zh. lksp. Teor. Fiz., 8: 37 (1944).Google Scholar
  49. 22.
    G. Minnigerode, Z. Phys., 154: 44 (1959).Google Scholar
  50. 23.
    C. P. Bean, M. V. Doyle, and A. C. Pincus, Phys. Rev. Letters, 9: 92 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 24.
    E. Adam and O. Smoluchowski, Transactions of the Tenth International Conference on Low-Temperature Physics, Izd. VINITI, Moscow (1967), p. 195.Google Scholar
  52. 25.
    I. H. P. Watson and Corning, Transactions of the Tenth International Conference on Low-Temperature Physics, Izd. VINITI, Moscow (1967), p. 194.Google Scholar
  53. 26.
    P. Powler, J. Appl. Phys., 34 (12): 3538 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 27.
    D. Gerstenberg and P. M. Hall, J. Electrochem. Soc., 111 (8): 936 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 28.
    K. S. Tedeman, R. M. Rouse, and D. Wulff, in: New Materials for Electronics, Izd. Metallurgiya, Moscow (1967), p. 84.Google Scholar
  56. 29.
    G. I. Gurp, Philips Res. Repts., 22 (1): 10 (1967).Google Scholar
  57. 30.
    D. Kramer and C. G. Rhodes, Trans. AIME, 233 (1): 192 (1965).Google Scholar
  58. 31.
    I. Ohtsuka, I. Shibuga, and T. Fukoroi, Sci. Repts. Res. Inst. Tohoku Univ., A15: 67 (1963).Google Scholar
  59. 32.
    E. A. Lynton, B. Serin, and M. Zwiker, J. Chem. Phys. Solids, 3: 165 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 33.
    G. Chanin, E. A. Linton, and B. Serin, Phys. Rev., 114: 719 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 34.
    H. Gamari, Ph.D. Thesis, London Univ. (1964).Google Scholar
  62. 35.
    D. Farrel, I. G. Park, and B. R. Coles, Phys. Rev. Letters, 13: 328 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 36.
    D. Quinn, I. Park, and B. R. Coles, Phys. Rev. Letters, 13: 326 (1964).Google Scholar
  64. 37.
    G. Boato, G. Gallinaro, and C. Rizzuto, Rev. Mod. Phys., 36 (1): 162 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 38.
    D. P. Seraphim, C. Chion, and D. I. Quinn, Acta Metallurgica, 9: 861 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 39.
    J. K. Hülm and R. D. Blaugher, Phys. Rev., 123 (5): 1569 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 40.
    W. de Sorbo, in: New Materials and Methods of Studying Metals and Alloys [Russian translation], Izd. Metallurgiya, Moscow (1966), pp. 99 and 113.Google Scholar
  68. 40a.
    G. W. Webb, Phys. Rev., 181 (3): 1127 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 41.
    R. P. Elliott, Trans. AIME, 52: 990 (1960).Google Scholar
  70. 41a.
    C. D. Wiseman, J. Appi. Phys., 37 (9): 3599 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 42.
    A. U. Seybolt, J. Inst. Metals, 6: 774 (1954).Google Scholar
  72. 43.
    E. Gebhardt, E. Fromm, and R. Rothenbacher, Metall, 18 (7): 691 (1964).Google Scholar
  73. 44.
    J. K. Hülm, C. K. Jones, R. Mazelsky, R. C. Miller, R. A. Hein, and J. W. Gibson, Low Temperature Physics LT9, Plenum Press, New York (1965), p. 600.Google Scholar
  74. 44a.
    K. Hechler and E. Saur, Z. Phys., 205 (4): 392 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 45.
    E. Gebhardt, E. Fromm, and D. Jakob, Z: Metallkunde, 55 (8): 423 (1964).Google Scholar
  76. 46.
    W. Rostocker, Metallurgy of Vanadium [Russian translation], IL, Moscow (1959), p. 148.Google Scholar
  77. 47.
    A. Taylor and N. J. Doyle, J. Less-Common Metals, 13 (4): 399 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 48.
    F. H. Horn and W. T. Ziegler, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 69: 2762 (1947).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 48a.
    R. I. Walter and W. T. Chandler, Trans. Metallurg. Soc. AIME, 233 (4): 762 (1965).Google Scholar
  80. 48b.
    V. I. Sokolov and B. B. Kuz’min, Summaries of Contributions to the Sixteenth All-Union Conference on Low-Temperature Physics, Leningrad (1970), p. 68.Google Scholar
  81. 49.
    S. Komjathy, J. Less-Common Metals, 6 (6): 466 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 49a.
    A. L. Giorgi, E. G. Szklarz, and E. K. Storms, Phys. Rev., 129 (4): 1524 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 50.
    G. C. Rauch, R. M. Rose, and J. Wulff, J. Less-Common Metals, 11: 99 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 50a.
    C. Sulkowsky and J. Mazur, Trans. Tenth Internat. Conf. on Low-Temperature Physics, Izd. VINITI, Moscow (1967), p. 88.Google Scholar
  85. 50b.
    S. Rudy, St. Windisch, and C. E. Brukl. Plansee Berichte für Pulvermetallurgie, 16 (1): 3 (1968).Google Scholar
  86. 51.
    A. V. Narlikar and D. Dew-Hughes, Phys. Stat. Sol., 6 (2): 383 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 51a.
    R. H. Willens, E. Buchler, and B. T. Matthias, Phys. Rev., 159 (2): 327 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 51b.
    Yu. V. Efimov, V. V. Baron, and E. M. Savitskii, Vanadium and Its Alloys, Izd. Nauka, Moscow (1969).Google Scholar
  89. 52.
    J. A. Catterall, J. Williams, and I. E. Duke, Brit. J. Appi. Phys., 15: 1369 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 52a.
    V. R. Karasik and I. Yu. Shabalin, Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz., 57 (6): 1973 (1969).Google Scholar
  91. 53.
    I. S. Rajput and A. K. Gupta, Phys. Letts., A24 (5): 260 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 54.
    W. de Sorbo, Rev. Mod. Phys., 36 (1): 91 (1964).Google Scholar
  93. 55.
    I. A. Gatterall, I. Williams, and D. F. Duke, Brit. J. Appl. Phys., 15: 1369 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 56.
    D. Hauser, in: Superconducting Materials [Russian translation], Izd. Mir, Moscow (1965), p. 203.Google Scholar
  95. 57.
    W. A. Little, Phys. Rev., 134A: 1416 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 58.
    V. L. Ginzburg, Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk, 95 (1): 91 (1968).Google Scholar
  97. 58a.
    F. Meunier, Transactions of the Bakurian Colloquium on Super-Fluidity and Superconductivity, Vol. 2, Tiflis, 1968 (1969), p 29.Google Scholar
  98. 58b.
    D. G. Naugle, Phys. Lett., A25 (9): 688 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 59.
    N. W. Ashcroft, Phys. Rev. Lett., 21 (26): 1748 (1968).Google Scholar
  100. 60.
    A. A. Abrikosov, Astron. J., 31: 112 (1954).Google Scholar
  101. 61b.
    Superconductivity Summer School of the Low-Temperature Technical Committee of the German Physical Society, Siemens AG Research Laboratories (1970).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. M. Savitskii
    • 1
  • V. V. Baron
    • 1
  • Yu. V. Efimov
    • 1
  • M. I. Bychkova
    • 1
  • L. F. Myzenkova
    • 1
  1. 1.A. A. Baikov Institute of MetallurgyAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscowUSSR

Personalised recommendations