Graphical Presentation of Single Patient Results

  • Jürgen Bock


This chapter illustrates the usefulness of graphical presentations of single patient results for small- or medium-sized clinical studies. Single patient results include single observations per patient, patient profiles, or derived values per patient. These graphs serve as exploratory tools. They allow us to check for outliers, the validity of distribution assumptions, the linearity of relationships, etc. It is not intended to give an introduction to graphical diagnostic tools. Only simple statistical models will be applied. Consequently, there will be no analysis of residuals for any model, only presentation of raw or transformed data.


Lung Function Allergen Challenge Data Frame Bioequivalence Study Sequence Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arnason, B., Jacobs, G. et al. (1999). TNF neutralization in MS. Results of a randomized, placebo-controlled multicenter study. Neurology 53, 457–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bryan, S., O’Connor, B. et al. (2000). Effects of recombinant human interleukin-12 on eosinophils, airway hyperreactivity and late asthmatic response. Lancet 356, 2149–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bührens et al. (1991). Zum Nachweis der Bioäquivalenz von zwei Allopurinolpräparaten. Arzneimittel-Forschung/Drug-Research 41(1), 250253.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jürgen Bock
    • 1
  1. 1.F. Hoffmann-La Roche AGBaselSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations