Markedness pp 155-168 | Cite as

Markedness and the Zero-Derived Denominal Verb in English: Synchronic, Diachronic, and Acquisition Correlates

  • Terence Odlin


Otto Jespersen (1938) called zero-derivation a ‘characteristic peculiarity’ of English. The basis for his remark seems to he that English makes more extensive use of zero-derivation patterns than do other European languages.


Language Acquisition Stative Shift Oxford English Dictionary Concrete Noun Semantic Extension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bates, Elizabeth, and Brian MacWhinney. 1982. Functionalist approches to grammar. In Lila Gleitman and Eric Wanner, eds. Language Acquisition: The State of the Art, 173–218. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Berlin, Brent, and Paul Kay. 1969. Basic Color Terms. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bolinger, Dwight. 1975. Aspects of Language. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich.Google Scholar
  4. Brown, Roger, and Deborah Fish. 1983. The psychological causality implicit in language. Cognition 14. 237–273.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chao, Yuen R. 1968. A Grammar of Spoken Chinese. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. Chapin, Paul. 1978. The Language of Easter Island: a characteristic VSO language. Winfred Lehmann ed., Syntactic Typology, 139–68. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  7. Clark, Eve. 1982. The young word-maker: a case study of innovation in the child’s lexicon. In Lila Gleitman and Eric Wanner, eds., Language Acquisition: The State of the Art, eds. 390–426. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Clark, Herbert. 1969. Linguistic processes in deductive reasoning. Psychological Review 76. 387–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clark, Eve, and Herbert Clark. 1979. When nouns surface as verbs. Language 55. 767–811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dixon, R. M. W. 1977. Where have all the adjectives gone? Studies in Language 1. 19–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jakobson, Roman. 1964. Zur Struktur des russischen Verbums. In Josef Vachek, ed. A Prague School Reader in Linguistics, 237–59. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.Google Scholar
  12. Jespersen, Otto. 1938. Growth and Structure of the English Language. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  13. Lakoff, George. 1972. Hedges: a study in meaning criteria and the logic of fuzzy concepts. In Paul Peranteau, Judith Levi, and Gloria Phares, eds. Papers from the 8th Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society, 183–228. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.Google Scholar
  14. Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson. 1980. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  15. Le Van Ly. 1948. Le parler vietnamien. Paris: Huong Anh.Google Scholar
  16. Lorge, Irving, and Edward Thorndike. 1938. A semantic count of English words. Teachers College, Columbia University.Google Scholar
  17. Lyons, John. 1977. Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge Unversity Press.Google Scholar
  18. Maratsos, Michael, and Mary Ann Chalkley. 1980. The internal language of children’s syntax: the ontogenesis and representation of syntactic categories, 127–215. In Keith Nelson, ed. Children’s Language, New York: Gardner Press.Google Scholar
  19. Marchand, Hans. 1969. The Categories and Types of Present-Day English Word-Formation. Munich: Oscar Beck.Google Scholar
  20. Marchand, Hans. 1974. A set of criteria for the establishing of derivational morphemes. In Dieter Kastovsky, ed. Studies in Syntax and Word-Formation, ed. by 242–52. Munich: Wilhelm Fink.Google Scholar
  21. Nida, Eugene. 1948. The identification of morphemes. Language 24. 414–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Odlin, Terence. 1983. Part-of-speech anomalies in a second language. Unpublished dissertation, University of Texas at Austin.Google Scholar
  23. Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles. 1933. Edited by J. A. H. Murray, H. Bradley, W. A. Craigie, and C. T. Onions. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  24. Rosch, Eleanor. 1978. Principles of categorization. In Eleanor Bosch and Barbara Lloyd, eds. Cognition and Categorization, 2448. Hillsdale, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  25. Rosch, Eleanor, Carolyn Mervis, Wayne Gray, David Johnson, and Penny Boyes-Braem. 1976. Basic objects in natural categories. Cognitive Psychology 8. 382–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rose, James. 1973. Principled limitations on productivity in denominal verbs. Foundations of Language 10. 509–26.Google Scholar
  27. Ross, John. 1973. A fake NP squish. In Charles-James Bailey and Roger Shuy, eds. New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English, 96–140. Washington, D. C.: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Slobin, Dan. 1973. Cognitive prerequisites for the development, In Charles Ferguson and Dan Slohin, Studies in Child Language Development 175–208. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.Google Scholar
  29. Swadesh, Morris. 1938.. Nootka internal syntax. International Journal of American Linguistics 11. 77–102.Google Scholar
  30. Truong Van Chinh. 1970. Structure de la langue vietnamienne. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale.Google Scholar
  31. West, Michael. 1953. A General Service List of English Words. London: Longmans, Green and Co.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terence Odlin
    • 1
  1. 1.Ohio State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations