The Staphylococcal Toxins in Human Disease

  • Merlin S. Bergdoll
Part of the Infectious Agents and Pathogenesis book series (IAPA)


The staphylococci are involved in many human illnesses and infections, including staphylococcal food poisoning, enterocolitis, pneumonia, sep-ticemia, osteomyelitis, diarrhea, empyema, scalded skin syndrome (SSS), toxic shock syndrome (TSS), boils, infected wounds, and infected incisions. However, most of these illnesses have not been associated with any particular product of the staphylococci, although the staphylococci produce many biologically active products: the enterotoxins (SE), exfoliatin or epidermolytic toxin (ET), toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST), hemolysins, proteases, coagulases, nucleases, lipase, phosphatase, and others. Only food poisoning(1) and pseudomembranous enterocolitis (SE),(2) SSS (ET),(3) and TSS (TSST)(4,5) have been associated with particular staphylococcal toxins.


Mean Arterial Pressure Food Poisoning Toxic Shock Syndrome Staphylococcal Infection Staphylococcal Enterotoxin 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Merlin S. Bergdoll
    • 1
  1. 1.Food Research InstituteUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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