Advertisement

Falls, Fall Prevention, and Fall Detection Technologies

  • Prabhu Rajendran
  • Amy Corcoran
  • Bruce Kinosian
  • Majd Alwan
Chapter
Part of the Aging Medicine book series (AGME)

Keywords

Fall Prevention Fall Detector Nursing Home Setting Vibration Pattern Tilt Sensor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [Online]. (2005). National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (producer). Available from: URL: www.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sterling DA, O’Connor JA, Bonadies J. Geriatric falls: injury severity is high and disproportionate to mechanism. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care 2001, 50(1):116–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rizzo JA, et al. Health care utilization and costs in a Medicare population by fall status. Medical Care 1998, 36(8):1174–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cumming RG, Kelsey JL, Nevitt MC. Methodologic issues in the study of frequent and recurrent health problems. Falls in the elderly. Ann Epidemiology. 1990, 1:49–56.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stevens JA, et al. The costs of fatal and nonfatal falls among older adults. Injury Prevention 2006, 12:290–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Magaziner J, et al. Recovery from hip fracture in eight areas of function. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences 2000, 55A(9):M498–507.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guideline for the Prevention of Falls in Older Persons. JAGS 2001; 49:664–672. (same as #17 American Geriatrics Society, British Geriatrics Society, and American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Panel on Falls Prevention, “Guideline for the prevention of falls in older persons”, Journal of the American Geriatric Society. 2001, 49:664–672.)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gryfe CI, Amies A, Ashley MJ. “A Longitudinal Study of Falls in an Elderly Population: I. Incidence and Morbidity”, Age Ageing, 1977.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jensen J, et al. Falls among frail older people in residential care. Scand J Public Health 2002, 30:54–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Beauchet O, et al. “Factors contributing to falls in elderly subjects leading to acute-care hospitalization”, La Presse Medicale, 29(28):1544–1548, 2000.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ugur C., et al. “Characteristics of falling in patients with stroke”, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 69(5):649–651, 2000.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lipsitz, AL, et al. “Causes and correlates of recurrent falls in ambulatory in frail elderly.” Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 46(4):114–122.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Leipzig MR, et al. “Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis: I. psychotropic drugs.” Journal of American Geriatric Society, 47(1):30–39, 1999.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kiely KD, et al. “Identifying nursing home residents at risk for falling”, Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 46(5):551–555, 1998.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tinetti, Mary E. MD. Preventing Falls in Elderly Persons. NEJM 2003; 348(1):42–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Oliver D, et al. Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analyses BMJ. 334(7584):82, 2007.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chang, John T. Interventions for the prevention of falls in older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. BMJ 2004: 328; 610–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Morse, J, et al. “Development of a scale to identify the fall-prone patient,” Canadian Journal on Ageing, 8(4):366–377, 1989.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Heslin K, et al. “Managing falls: Identifying population specific risk factors and prevention strategies.” In S. Funk, E. Tornquist, M. Champagne&R. Weise (Eds.). “Key Aspects of Elder Care: Managing Falls, Incontinence, and Cognitive Impairment” (pp 70–88), New York: Springer Publishing, 1992.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tinetti TL, Liu W, Ginter S. “Mechanical restraint use and fall-related injuries among residents of skilled nursing facilities,” Annuals of Internal Medicine, 116:369–374, 1992.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Evans L, et al. “A clinical trial to reduce restraints in nursing homes.” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 45:675–81, 1997.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ash LK, Macleod P, Clark L. “A case control study of falls in the hospital setting.” Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 24(12):7–15, 1998.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nakamura D, Holm M, Wilson A. “Measures of balance and fear of falling in the elderly: A review.” Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 15(4):17–32, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tideiksaar R, Feiner CF, Maby J. “Falls prevention: The efficacy of a bed alarm system in an acute-care setting.” Mt Sinai J Med 1993;60:522–527.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mayo NE, Gloutney L, Levy AR. “A randomized trial of identification bracelets to prevent falls among patients in a rehabilitation hospital.” Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1994, 74:1302–1308.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kelly, et al. “Evaluation of a Nonintrusive Monitor to Reduce Falls in Nursing Home Patients.” J Am Med Dir Assoc 2002, 3:377–382.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kannus P, et al. “Prevention of hip fracture in elderly people with use of a hip protector.” N Engl J Med 2000, 343:1506–1513.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Parker MJ, Gillespie WJ, Gillespie LD. Effectiveness of hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in elderly people: systematic review. BMJ. 332(7541):571–4, 2006.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sawka AM, et al. Do hip protectors decrease the risk of hip fracture in institutional and community-dwelling elderly? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Osteoporosis International. 16(12):1461–74, 2005.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Casalena JA, et al. 1998. The Penn State Safety Floor: Part I–Design Parameters Associated with Walking Deflections. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 120:518–526.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Casalena JA, et al. 1998. The Penn State Safety Floor: Part II–Reduction of Fall-Related Peak Impact Forces on the Femur. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 120:527–532.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Doughty K, “Fall Prevention and Management Strategies Based on Intelligent Detection, Monitoring and Assessment.” Presented at “New Technologies in Medicine for the Elderly”, Charing Cross Hospital, 30th. Nov. 2000.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hwang JY, et al. “Development of Novel Algorithm and Real-time Monitoring Ambulatory System Using Bluetooth Module for Fall Detection in the Elderly.” Proceedings of the 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, 2004.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Degen T, et al. “Speedy: A fall detector in a wristwatch,” 7th International Symposium on Wearable Computers (ISWC), White Plains, NY, Oct. 2003, pp. 184–189.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Benny PL, et al. “From imaging networks to behavior profiling: ubiquitous sensing for managed homecare of the elderly.” Adjunct Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Pervasive Computing (PERVASIVE 2005), pp. 101–104, May 2005.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Nait CH, McKenna SJ. “Activity summarisation and fall detection in a supportive home environment”, Int. Conf. on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2004.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sixsmith A, Johnson N. “Smart sensor to detect the falls of the elderly”, IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 3, no.2, pp. 42–47, April-June 2004.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Alwan M, et al. “Derivation of Basic Human Gait Characteristics from Floor Vibrations”, 2003 Summer Bioengineering Conference, June 25–29, Key Biscayne FL.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Rajendran P, et al. “A Passive Floor-Vibration Based Fall Detector”, 2006 International Conf on Aging, Disability and Independence, Feb 1–4, St.Petersburg FL.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Alwan M, et al. “A Smart and Passive Floor-Vibration Based Fall Detector for Elderly”, 2nd IEEE International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies, 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prabhu Rajendran
  • Amy Corcoran
  • Bruce Kinosian
  • Majd Alwan
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Aging Services Technologies (CAST)NW, Washington

Personalised recommendations