Advertisement

Standards and Safety Regulations for WSNs

  • Ana-Belén García-HernandoEmail author
  • José-Fernán Martínez-Ortega
  • Juan-Manuel López-Navarro
  • Aggeliki Prayati
  • Luis Redondo-López
Chapter
  • 671 Downloads
Part of the Computer Communications and Networks book series (CCN)

Abstract

The use of any technology requires that its users be confident of both its usefulness and its safety. In an effort to guarantee this, standardization bodies around the world generate standards to be followed by product manufacturers. When dealing with electronic communications systems such as WSNs, issues such as electromagnetic compatibility, the safety of their operation, the confidentiality and security of private information, and environmental awareness are of great practical importance. This chapter reviews how these safety issues apply to WSNs and presents some of the significant European regulations on this matter together with some notes on the open issues that may have to be treated in possible future standards.

Keywords

Electromagnetic Compatibility Nonthermal Effect Negative Environmental Effect European Telecommunication Standard Institute Harmful Interference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. CENELEC Home page. http://www.cenelec.org/Cenelec/Homepage.htm. Accessed December 2007.
  2. CENELEC (2005) CENELEC guide no. 24: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Standardization for Product Committees.Google Scholar
  3. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (1999) Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity. Off J Eur Communities, L, Legis 91 of 7. 4. 1999:10–28.Google Scholar
  4. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2003) Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. Off J Eur Communities, L, Legis L 37 of 13.2.2003:19–23.Google Scholar
  5. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2003) Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). Off J Eur Communities, L, Legis 37 of 13.2.2003:24–38.Google Scholar
  6. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2004) Directive 2004/108/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. Off J Eur Communities, L, Legis 390 of 31.12.2004:24–37.Google Scholar
  7. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2006) Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 September 2006 on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators. Off J Eur Communities, L, Legis 266 of 26.9.2006:1–14.Google Scholar
  8. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2006) Directive 2006/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the harmonisation of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits. Off J Eur Communities, L, Legis 374 of 27.12.2006:10–9.Google Scholar
  9. Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (directive on privacy and electronic communications), amended by Directive 2006/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006.Google Scholar
  10. Home page of the European Data Protection Supervisor. http://www.edps.europa.eu/EDPSWEB/edps/lang/en/. Accessed December 2007.
  11. Eveloy V, Ganesan S, Fukuda Y, et al. (2005) Are you ready for lead-free electronics? IEEE Trans Compon Packag Technol 28(4):884–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Harrop P (2006) Active RFID 2006–2016. IDTechEx.Google Scholar
  13. Hustinx P (2007) Opinion of the European Data Protection Supervisor on the communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in Europe: Steps towards a policy framework COM(2007) 96. EDPS.Google Scholar
  14. EDPS (2007) Inventory of issues of particular interest to EDPS, Last update: December 2007. http://www.edps.europa.eu/EDPSWEB/webdav/site/mySite/shared/Documents/Consultation/Priorities/07-12-20_Inventory_EN.pdf. Accessed December 2007.
  15. Jiang X, Polastre J, Culler D (2005) Perpetual environmentally powered sensor networks. In Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN 2005), pp. 463–468.Google Scholar
  16. Köhler A, Erdmann L (2004) Expected Environmental Impacts of Pervasive Computing. Hum Ecol Risk Assess 10(5):831–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mailhes C, Castanié F, Henrion S, et al. (2002) The U-R-Safe project: An innovative multidisciplinary approach for an “anywhere” care of the elderly. In Proceedings of the 2 nd International Telemedicine Symposium. Google Scholar
  18. Moteiv Corporation (2006) Tmote Sky: Datasheet (11/13/2006).Google Scholar
  19. The Council of the European Union (1999) Council recommendation (1999/519/EC) of 12 July 1999 on the limitation of exposure of the general public to electromagnetic fields (0 Hz to 300 GHz). Off J Eur Communities, L, Legis 199 of 30. 7. 1999:59–70.Google Scholar
  20. Reeves AA, Ng JWP, Brown SJ, et al. (2006) Remotely supporting care provision for older adults. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN 2006). Google Scholar
  21. Ren H, Meng MQH (2006) Rate control to reduce bioeffects in wireless biomedical sensor networks. In Proceedings of the 3rd Annual International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Networking & Services, pp. 1–7.Google Scholar
  22. Tang Q, Tummala N, Gupta SKS, et al. (2005) Communication scheduling to minimize thermal effects of implanted biosensor networks in homogeneous tissue. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 52(7):1285–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana-Belén García-Hernando
    • 1
    Email author
  • José-Fernán Martínez-Ortega
    • 1
  • Juan-Manuel López-Navarro
    • 1
  • Aggeliki Prayati
    • 2
  • Luis Redondo-López
    • 3
  1. 1.University of MadridSpain
  2. 2.ATHENA / I.S.I. Research and Innovation Center in Information, Communication, and Knowledge TechnologiesGreece
  3. 3.Métodos y Tecnología de Sistemas y Procesos (MTP)MadridSpain

Personalised recommendations