State of the Art of Sorption Refrigeration Systems

  • I. Pilatowsky
  • R.J. Romero
  • C.A. Isaza
  • S.A. Gamboa
  • P.J. Sebastian
  • W. Rivera
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Sorption cooling systems have been used commercially for some decades for different applications including air conditioning and refrigeration, using a diverse range of thermodynamic cycles and technologies for many size and capacities. However, their use has been limited mainly because of their low efficiency and high investment costs, at least compared with compression systems that are widely used all over the world. Because of this, sorption and desiccant systems have been used, in general, only when large amounts of waste thermal energy that can be used as the energy supplied to the system are available, and recently with, for example, solar and geothermal technologies.

As will be explained in the next chapter, desiccant cooling (DEC) and sorption systems are in fact heat pumps since they have the capacity to absorb heat from a source at low temperature and to pump it to a heat sink at a higher temperature level. Depending on the use, common sorption systems are classified as sorption refrigeration systems when they are used for refrigeration and air conditioning, heat pumps when they are used for heating and heat transformers when they are used also for heating but the temperature of the useful heat is higher than the temperature of the heat supplied to the system.


Heat Pump Refrigeration System Plate Heat Exchanger Lithium Bromide Absorption Refrigeration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Pilatowsky
    • 1
  • R.J. Romero
    • 2
  • C.A. Isaza
    • 3
  • S.A. Gamboa
    • 1
  • P.J. Sebastian
    • 1
  • W. Rivera
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en EnergíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoTemixcoMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Ingeniería y Ciencias AplicadasUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MorelosCuernavacaMexico
  3. 3.Instituto de Energía, Materiales y Medio Ambiente, Grupo de Energía y TermodinámicaUniversidad Pontificia BolivarianaMedellínColombia

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