Advertisement

State of the Art of Sorption Refrigeration Systems

  • I. Pilatowsky
  • R.J. Romero
  • C.A. Isaza
  • S.A. Gamboa
  • P.J. Sebastian
  • W. Rivera
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Sorption cooling systems have been used commercially for some decades for different applications including air conditioning and refrigeration, using a diverse range of thermodynamic cycles and technologies for many size and capacities. However, their use has been limited mainly because of their low efficiency and high investment costs, at least compared with compression systems that are widely used all over the world. Because of this, sorption and desiccant systems have been used, in general, only when large amounts of waste thermal energy that can be used as the energy supplied to the system are available, and recently with, for example, solar and geothermal technologies.

As will be explained in the next chapter, desiccant cooling (DEC) and sorption systems are in fact heat pumps since they have the capacity to absorb heat from a source at low temperature and to pump it to a heat sink at a higher temperature level. Depending on the use, common sorption systems are classified as sorption refrigeration systems when they are used for refrigeration and air conditioning, heat pumps when they are used for heating and heat transformers when they are used also for heating but the temperature of the useful heat is higher than the temperature of the heat supplied to the system.

Keywords

Heat Pump Refrigeration System Plate Heat Exchanger Lithium Bromide Absorption Refrigeration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abdelmessih AN, Abbas M, Al-Hashem A, Munson J (2007) Ethylene glycol/water as working fluids for an experimental absorption cycle. Experimental Heat Transfer 20(2):87–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abdulateef JM, Sopian K, Alghoul MA (2008) Optimum design for solar absorption refrigeration systems and comparison of the performances using ammonia-water, ammonia-lithium nitrate and ammonia-sodium thiocyanate solutions. Int J Mech Mater Engg 3(1):17–24Google Scholar
  3. Ajib HS, Gunther W (2007) Investigation results of an absorption refrigeration machine operated solar thermally for cooling and air conditioning under using a new work solution. In: 2nd Int Conference on Solar Air-Conditioning, Tarragona, pp. 510–516Google Scholar
  4. Arivazhagan R, Saravanan S, Renganarayanan S (2006) Experimental studies on HFC based two-stage half effect vapour absorption cooling system. Appl Therm Eng 26(14–15): 1455–1462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bourouis M, Vallès M, Medrano M, Coronas A (2005) Absorption of water vapour in the falling film of water – (LiBr + LiI + LiNO3 + LiCl) in a vertical tube at air-cooling thermalconditions. Int J Therm Sci 44(5):491–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bruno JC, Ortega-López V, Coronas A (2008) Integration of absorption cooling systems into micro gas turbine trigeneration systems using biogas: Case study of a sewage treatment plant DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy 2008.08.007Google Scholar
  7. Caeiro JA (2008) Experimental testing of an innovative lithium-bromide water absorption refrigeration cycle coupled with ice storage. Int J Low Carbon Technol 3(1):59–69CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. Cerezo J, Bourouis M, Vallès M, Coronas A, Best R (2008) Experimental study of an ammoniawater bubble absorber using a plate heat exchanger for absorption refrigeration machines. Applied Thermal Engineering DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng 2008.05.012Google Scholar
  9. Chekir N, Mejbri K, Bellagi A (2006) Simulation of an absorption chiller operating with alkane mixtures. Int J Refrig 29(3):469–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chen J, Chang H, Chen SR (2006) Simulation study of a hybrid absorber-heat exchanger using hollow fiber membrane module for the ammonia-water absorption cycle. Int J Refrig 29(6):1043–1052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. De Lucas A, Donate M, Rodríguez JF (2007) Absorption of water vapor into new working fluids for absorption refrigeration systems. Ind Eng Chem Res 46(1):345–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ezzine NB, Mejbri KH, Bellagi A (2007) Solar driven hydrocarbon operated absorptiondifussion machine. In: 2nd Int. Conference on Solar Air-Conditioning, Tarragona, pp. 497–502Google Scholar
  13. Fernández-Seara J, Uhía FJ, Sieres J (2007) Analysis of an air cooled ammonia-water vertical tubular absorber. Int J Therm Sci 46(1):93–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Glebov D, Setterwall F (2002) Experimental study of heat transfer additive influence on the absorption chiller performance. Int J Refrig 25(5):538–545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Göktun S, Er ID (2000) Optimum performance of irreversible cascaded and double effect absorption refrigerators. Appl Energ 67(3):265–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gómez VH, Vidal A, Best R, García-Valladares O, Velázquez N (2008) Theoretical and experimental evaluation of an indirect-fired GAX cycle cooling system. Appl Therm Eng 28 (8–9):975–987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Häberle A, Luginsland F, Zahler C, Berger M, Rommel M, Henning HM, Guerra M, De Paoli F, Motta M, Aprile M (2007) Alinear concentrating Fresnel collector driving a NH3-H2O absorption chiller. In: 2nd Int. Conference on Solar Air-Conditioning, Tarragona, pp. 662–667Google Scholar
  18. He Y, Chen G (2007) Experimental study on a new type absorption refrigeration system. Taiyangneng Xuebao/Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica 28(2):137–140Google Scholar
  19. Hwang Y (2004) Potential energy benefits of integrated refrigeration system with microturbine and absorption chiller. Int J Refrig 27(8):816–829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Islam MR, Wijeysundera NE, Ho JC (2003) Performance study of a falling-film absorber with a film-inverting configuration. Int J Refrig 26:909–917CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jakob U, Pink W (2007) Development and investigation of an ammonia/water absorption chiller – chillii® PSC – for solar cooling system. In 2nd Int Conference on Solar Air-Conditioning, Tarragona, pp. 440–445Google Scholar
  22. Kaita Y (2002) Simulation results of triple-effect absorption cycles. Int J Refrig 25(7):999–1007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Le Pierrès N, Mazet N, Stitou D (2007) Experimental results of a solar powered cooling system at low temperature. Int J Refrig 30(6):1050–1058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lee JC, Lee KB, Chun BH, Lee CH, Ha JJ, Kim SH (2003) A study on numerical simulations and experiments for mass transfer in bubble mode absorber of ammonia and water. Int J Refrig 26(5):551–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Llamas SU, Herrera JV, Cuevas R, Gómez VH, García-Valladares O, Cerezo J, Best R (2007) Development of a small capacity ammonia-lithium nitrate absorption refrigeration system. In: 2nd Int Conference on Solar Air-Conditioning, Tarragona, pp. 470–475Google Scholar
  26. Ludovisi D, Worek WM, Meckler M (2006) Simulation of a double-effect absorber cooling system operating at elevated vapor recompression levels. HVAC&R Res 12(3):533–547Google Scholar
  27. Meacham JM, Garimella S (2004) Ammonia-water absorption heat and mass transfer in microchannel absorbers with visual confirmation. ASHRAE Trans 110(1):525–532Google Scholar
  28. Medrano M, Bourouis M, Coronas A (2001) Double-lift absorption refrigeration cycles driven by low-temperature heat sources using organic fluid mixtures as working pairs. Appl Energ 68(2):173–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Medrano M, Mauzey J, McDonell V, Samuelsen S, Boer D (2006) Theoretical analysis of a novel integrated energy system formed by a microturbine and an exhaust fired singledouble effect absorption chiller. Int J Thermodyn 9(1):29–36Google Scholar
  30. Meyer J (2008) What solar cooling costs. Sun and Wind Energy 1:82–84Google Scholar
  31. Mohideen ST, Renganarayanan S (2008) Experimental studies on heat and mass transfer performance of a coiled tube absorber for R134a-DMAC based absorption cooling system. Heat Mass Transfer 45(1):47–54Google Scholar
  32. Moser H, Rieberer R (2007) Small-capacity ammonia/water absorption heat pump for heating and cooling used for solar cooling. In: 2nd Int Conference on Solar Air conditioning. Tarragona, pp 56–61Google Scholar
  33. Mugnier D (2008) phttp://lmora.free.fr/task38/pdf/matin/Mugnier.pdf. Accessed 8 Oct 2008Google Scholar
  34. Mugnier D, Hamadi M, Le Denn A (2008) Water chillers-closed systems for chilled water production (small and large capacities). Int Seminar on Solar Air-Conditioning, Munich, pp. 31–37Google Scholar
  35. Muthu V, Saravanan R, Renganarayanan S (2008) Experimental studies on R134a-DMAC hot water based vapour absorption refrigeration systems. Int J Therm Sci 47(2):175–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Park CW, Koo J, Kang YT (2008) Performance analysis of ammonia absorption GAX cycle for combined cooling and hot water supply modes. Int J Refrig 31(4):727–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pilatowsky I, Romero RJ, Isaza CA, Gamboa SA, Rivera W, Sebastian PJ, Moreira J (2007) Simulation of an air conditioning absorption refrigeration system in a co-generation process combining a proton exchange membrane fuel cell. Int J Hydrogen Energ 32(15):3174–3182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rivera CO, Rivera W (2003) Modeling of an intermittent solar absorption refrigeration system operating with ammonia–lithium nitrate mixture. Sol Energ Mat Sol C 76(3):417–427CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  39. Romero RJ, Guillen L, Pilatowsky I (2005) Monomethylamine-water vapour absorption refrigeration system. Appl Therm Eng 25(5-6):867–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Romero RJ, Rivera W, Pilatowsky I, and Best R (2001) Comparison of the modeling of a solar absorption system for simultaneous cooling and heating operating with an aqueous ternary hydroxide and with water/lithium bromide. Sol Energ Mat Sol C 70(3):301–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sabir HM, Chretienneau R, El Hag YBM (2004) Analytical study of a novel GAX-R heat driven refrigeration cycle. Appl Therm Eng 24(14–15):2083–2099CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Saravanan R, Maiya MP (1988) Thermodynamic comparison of water-based working fluid combinations for a vapour absorption refrigeration system. Appl Therm Eng 18(7):553–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sieres J, Fernández-Seara J, Uhía FJ (2008) Experimental analysis of ammonia-water rectification in absorption systems with the 10 mm metal Pall ring packing. Int J Refrig 31(2): 270–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sözen A, Özalp M (2005) Solar-driven ejector-absorption cooling system. Appl Energy 80(1):97–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sun ZG, Guo KH (2006) Cooling performance and energy saving of a compression-absorption refrigeration system driven by a gas engine. Int J Energ Res 30(13):1109–1116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tae Kang Y, Akisawa A, Kashiwagi T (2000) Analytical investigation of two different absorption modes: falling film, and bubble types. Int J Refrig 23(6):430–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Troi A, Napolitano A, Sparber W (2008) Overview of solar cooling systems for commercial buildings. Int. Seminar on Solar Air-Conditioning, Munich, pp. 81–91Google Scholar
  48. Venegas M, Izquierdo M, De Vega M, Lecuona A (2002) Thermodynamic study of multistage absorption cycles using low-temperature heat. Int J Energ Res 26(8):775–791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Venegas M, Izquierdo M, Rodríguez P, Nogueira JI (2005) Design of spray absorbers for LiNO3-NH3 absorption refrigeration systems. Atomization Spray 15(4):439–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wagner TC, Rog L, Jung SH (2008) Development of a simultaneous cooling and heating absorption chiller for combined heat and power systems. ASME Int Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Proceedings Vol 15, pp. 73–78Google Scholar
  51. Wan Z, Shu S, Hu X (2006) Novel high-efficient solar absorption refrigeration cycles. J of Huazhong University of Science and Technology 34(9):85–87Google Scholar
  52. Wan Z, Shu S, Hu X, Wang B (2008) Research on performance of mixed absorption refrigeration for solar air-conditioning. Front Energ Power Eng China 2(2):222–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Worek WM, Ludovisi D, Meckler M (2003) Enhancement of a double-effect absorption cooling system using a vapor recompression absorber. Energy 28(12):1151–1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Yaxiu G, Yuyuan W, Xin K (2008) Experimental research on a new solar pump-free lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system with a second generator. Sol Energy 82(1):33–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Yoon JI, Kwon OK (1999) Cycle analysis of air-cooled absorption chiller using a new working solution. Energy 24(9):795–809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Yoon JI, Phan TT, Moon CG, Lee HS, Jeong SK (2008) Heat and mass transfer characteristics of a horizontal tube falling film absorber with small diameter tubes. Heat and Mass Transfer 44(4):437–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zetzsche M, Koller T, Brendel T, Muller-Steinhagen H (2007) Solar cooling with an ammonia/water absorption chiller. In: 2nd Int Conference on Solar Air-Conditioning, Tarragona, pp. 536–541Google Scholar
  58. Zhang L, Wu Y, Zheng, H, Guo J, Chen D (2006) An experimental investigation on performance of bubble pump with lunate channel for absorption refrigeration system. Int J Refrig 29(5):815–822CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Pilatowsky
    • 1
  • R.J. Romero
    • 2
  • C.A. Isaza
    • 3
  • S.A. Gamboa
    • 1
  • P.J. Sebastian
    • 1
  • W. Rivera
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en EnergíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoTemixcoMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Ingeniería y Ciencias AplicadasUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MorelosCuernavacaMexico
  3. 3.Instituto de Energía, Materiales y Medio Ambiente, Grupo de Energía y TermodinámicaUniversidad Pontificia BolivarianaMedellínColombia

Personalised recommendations