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Application of Vibration Training for Enhancing Bone Strength

  • Debra BembenEmail author
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Abstract

Bone cells respond to mechanical stresses, including the oscillations transmitted during whole-body vibration (WBV). Animal models have documented that bone accrual occurs in response to vibration treatments. Human WBV studies have shown mixed results for the effects on bone mineral density (BMD), bone microarchitecture, and bone strength in postmenopausal women. The WBV protocol characteristics are important as high-magnitude (≥1 g) WBV training using side-alternating platforms resulted in significant effect sizes for lumbar spine and trochanter BMD. WBV training has been shown to improve leg strength and balance and decrease the rate of falls, factors that are important for fracture risk, in addition to bone status. There is insufficient evidence for WBV effects on bone health in women with osteoporosis to recommend it as a therapy. More WBV randomized clinical trials are needed to assess the benefits for bone, muscle function, and fracture risk in osteoporotic populations.

Keywords

Bone density Bone strength Fracture risk Mechanical loading Osteoporosis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bone Density Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise ScienceUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA

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