Importance of Fog Computing in Healthcare 4.0

  • Jasleen Kaur
  • Richa Verma
  • Nawaf Rasheed Alharbe
  • Alka Agrawal
  • Raees Ahmad Khan
Part of the Signals and Communication Technology book series (SCT)


The wide use of Internet-enabled devices has not left the healthcare sector untouched. The health status of each individual is being monitored irrespective of his/her medical conditions. The advent of such medical devices is beneficial not only for patients but also for physicians, hospitals, and insurance companies. It makes healthcare fast, reliable, and hassle-free. People can keep an eye on their blood pressure, pulse rate, etc., and thus take preventive measures on their own. In hospitals too, the Internet of Things (IoT) is being deployed for various tasks such as monitoring oxygen and blood sugar levels, electrocardiograms (ECGs), etc. IoT in healthcare also reduces the cost of various ailments through fast and rigorous data analysis. Prediction of diseases through machine learning techniques based upon the symptoms has become a promising concept. There may also be a situation where real-time analysis is required. In such a latency-sensitive situation, fog computing plays a vital role. Establishing communication every time with the cloud is not required with the introduction of fog and thus the latency is reduced. Healthcare is a latency-sensitive application area. So, the deployment of fog computing in this area is of vital importance. Proper analytics and research may lead to better care, improved treatment, and enhanced patient satisfaction. The chapter discusses the relevance of fog computing in the area with its issues and challenges. Later, the security issues of fog computing in the area have also been highlighted.


Industry 4.0 Healthcare 4.0 Internet of Things Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) Fog computing Cloud computing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jasleen Kaur
    • 1
  • Richa Verma
    • 2
  • Nawaf Rasheed Alharbe
    • 3
  • Alka Agrawal
    • 1
  • Raees Ahmad Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information TechnologyBBA University, A Central UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceBBA University, A Central UniversityLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Department of Computer Science and Information, Community CollegeTaibah UniversityBadrSaudi Arabia

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