Advertisement

Integrating Cultures: An Introduction

  • Frank Dignum
  • Virginia DignumEmail author
Chapter
  • 915 Downloads
Part of the Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality book series (SIPS, volume 3)

Abstract

In Sociology, the concept of formal model of culture refers to “an output from a quantitative study of collected data that seeks to describe, explain, interpret, or otherwise represent some feature, aspect, or content of culture. As a model, the output has been transformed into a summary or a representation (in reduced form) of the data that purports to be analogous (in some fashion) to the phenomena under consideration” (Mohr and Rawlings 2010). However, different disciplines in the Social Sciences take a very different approach to culture and to its influence in social behaviour. Thus it is difficult to compare and integrate the different models that are used in social science. It is also not easily possible to establish a reference model to which all the other models can be compared, because the requirements for such a reference model are very diverse, not precise and not agreed upon. Besides that the concept of culture is very abstract and vague and thus it will be impossible to give a model containing all relevant concepts (an ontology) explaining all possible relations and influences culture has on society. Therefore we advocate a more limited approach in this volume.

Keywords

Cultural Dimension Computational System Power Distance Safety Culture Uncertainty Avoidance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Axelrod, R. (1997). The Dissemination of Culture: A Model with Local Convergence and Global Polarization. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 41(2):203–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dechesne, F., Tosto, G. D., Dignum, V., and Dignum, F. (2013). No smoking here: values, norms and culture in multi-agent systems. Artificial Intelligence and Law.Google Scholar
  3. Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  4. Leontiev, A. N. (1978). Activity, Consciousness, and Personality. Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  5. Mc Breen, J., Di Tosto, G., Dignum, F., and Hofstede, G. J. (2011). Linking Norms and Culture. In Second International Conference on Culture and Computing, pages 9–14. IEEE.Google Scholar
  6. Mohr, J. W. and Rawlings, C. (2010). Formal models of culture. In Hall, J., Grindstaff, L., and cheng Lo, M., editors, Handbook of Cultural Sociology, pages 118–128. Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information and Computing SciencesUniversiteit UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Faculty of Technology Policy and ManagementDelft University of TechnologyZuid-HollandThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations