Summary and Discussion of Results
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This chapter summarises how market aspects affect total biomass supply chain economics and how highly volatile prices influence pellet supply costs. The individual ranges of price variations in a 3- to 10-year period are outlined with raw material prices, freight rates, and exchange rates between origin currency and Euro as the predominant factors. These price aspects - compared with the final EU market price–are discussed from a holistic and close-to-market viewpoint.
KeywordsSummary of price ranges Risk drivers Exchange rates Risk comparison
- Interviews, 2011–2013: Interviewed pellet producers, traders and end-users (2011–2013), Personal communication with: Dusan S (2011) Black pellets manager of Vattenfall Europe AG, 08 Aug 2011. Hermes HD (2012) Director business development biomass of Vattenfall Europe GmbH, 29 Oct 2012. Mertens J (2013) Biomass procurement officer at GDF Suez, 07 Feb 2013. Lugner M (2012) Sales manager Max Lugner from pellets producer Schweighofer, 15 June 2012. Pease H (2013) Senior Biofuel Portfolio Manager for RWE Supply and Trading, 18 April 2013Google Scholar