Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films pp 217-251 | Cite as

# Surface Phonons

Chapter

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## Abstract

The existence of surface lattice vibrations, surface phonons, is explained by means of the model of a linear chain of atoms. The extension to two- and three-dimensional systems as surfaces on bulk crystals consisting of more than one atomic species leads to Rayleigh waves and optical surface phonons. Hereby Fuchs–Kliewer phonons, their coupling to electronic surface plasmons and their detection by HREELS play a major role. Atom and molecular beam scattering are presented as essential investigation tools for surface phonons.

## Keywords

Rayleigh Wave Dielectric Function Bulk Mode Vibrational Amplitude Surface Vibration
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## Supplementary material

## References

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